the Act of Defecation (Aadaab of Bait ul-Khala)
Rasulullah (SAWS) said to Hazrat Ali
(AS) that there are certain rules or code of conduct of the act
of defecation (to go to LOO). The one who has failed to recognize
these rules has failed to recognize Rasulullah (SAWS) and Hazrat
Ali (AS); also he has failed to recognize the facts of Imaan (faith)
and he has not completed the obligations of the prayers of Allah.
One of our Imaam ordered the construction of an outlet for a closet
in the house, and the men pointed to a place open to public view.
Therefore He said, ‘O you people! When Allah created man,
He created his outlet in its most secluded portion; similarly, such
an outlet should be in the most secluded part of house.
Maulana Ali (AS) commanded the covering of the private parts, and
the avoidance of gazing at the private parts of other mumin. The
private parts of a man are the portion of his body which extends
from the knee to the navel; and of the woman is the whole of her
body. It is not permissible for the believer to uncover his private
parts even if no one is looking at him. It is related that when
one of our Imaam immersed himself in the pool of water while he
was wearing a waist wrapper. One of his companions asked him, ‘O
our Imaam, why didn’t you remove that wrapper while you were
in water?’ He replied, ‘It is true that you were not
able to see my private parts in water but what about living beings
in the water?’ This action is only to safeguard and to protect
the private parts.
The rules of the act of defecation (relieving oneself) are enlisted
in their respective order:
1: You should not go to the closet bare footed. You should wear
slippers or chaakhri in the closet.
2: You should enter the closet by advancing your left leg. And
while entering the closet, you should recite following du’a:
“I seek refuge before Allah from the devil who is the most
wicked, filthy and who is deprived of the Blessings (rehmat) of
3: You should not go to the closet with uncovered head. You should
cover your head with the topi and women should cover their head
with the dupatta. When Rasulullah (SAWS) used to enter the closet
to relieve himself he used to veil his face and cover his head.
4: You should not sit in the closet facing the Qibla.
5: You should not sit in the closet with your back facing the Qibla.
6: While easing yourself you should apply pressure over your left
leg. This rule is best applied on the Indian style latrine (not
commode) where one has to sit in such a way that his stomach gets
the considerable pressure through his left leg while easing. The
following du’a is to be recited:
“Alla humma kama at’amtanihe fi ‘aafeyatin fa
akhrijho minni be ‘aafeya.”
“O Allah, Just as the way you have given me the food with
the health and
goodness; with the same health expel the excreta out of my body.”
And if you happen to see your excreta (ghaa’it), then you
“Allahummar zuqniyal halaala wa jannibniyal haraam.”
“O Allah, Provide me Halaal (permissible in shari’at)
food (rizq) and keep me away from the Haraam (forbidden) food.
7: You should not speak while easing yourself. Speech is prohibited
while defecation and you should not even answer to the greetings
(salaam) in such a state.
8: You should not take more time in the closet and after easing
yourself, you should recite the following du’a:
| Download “Alhamdo lillaahil lazee amaata ‘anniyal azaa wa hannaani
ta’aami wa sharaabi.”
“All the praises are due to Allah Who has kept me away from
all the illnesses
of food and drink and He has made my food and drink easy and pleasurable
9: If water is not available for cleaning the private parts after
defecation, then you should use a piece of cloth, rags (or scraps
of paper) or a brick for wiping and cleaning. The thing that is
used for cleaning the part should not be re-used. You should not
use wood, coal, dung cake or bones for the cleaning purpose.
10: For the purpose of cleaning oneself from impurity, you can
take one or three or five different pieces of permissible things
for cleaning. Later you should cleanse yourself with water, if available,
until the impurity and the stench goes away.
11: You should not do Istinjaa (cleansing of private parts) on
the excreta and you should clean your private parts with your left
hand. After performing Istinjaa, wash your left hand properly. While
washing you should recite the following du’a:
| Download “Ashhado an laa ilaaha illallaaho wahdahu laa sharikaa lahu
anna Mohammadan ‘abdohu wa rasulohu wa ashhado anna ‘Aliyaw
wasiyohu wa waliyohu.”
“I bear witness that there is no God, but Allah, who is One
and has no partner and I bear witness that Mohammad (SAWS) is His
servant and His Messenger and I bear witness that ‘Ali (AS)
is Mohammad Rasulullah .(SAWS)’s deputy and successor.”
12: You should make exit from the closet by advancing your right
leg and you should recite the following du’a:
“Alhamdo lillaahil lazee ‘aafaani fi jasadi wal hamdo
lillaahil lazee amaata ‘anniyal azaa wa hannaani ta’aami
“All the praises are due to Allah Who has given health to
my body and has
relieved my body of the illnesses and has made my food easy and