of Ahdaas (impurities, pl. of Hadas)
make Wuzu (ablution) Obligatory
Ablution is not necessary except
to the one to whom ritual impurity occurs. When a man performs ablution,
he can pray as many times as he can so long as he does not cause
ritual impurity. If something exudes from the urethra (opening for
voiding urine) or anus, it necessitates the performance of fresh
ablution. However the ablution is not rendered invalid in case of
vomiting, bleeding or exudation of pus from a wound, exudation of
fluid from the wound or abscess, as opposed to the urethral opening
or anus. In such instances, the affected part needs to be washed.
Touching woman or kissing, touching
genital organs or seeing the parts does not necessitate ablution.
Neither eating, nor drinking water, nor touching wet or dried excreta
necessitates ablution, but washing the hands after such events is
recommended, the impure part has to be cleaned. The paring of nails,
combing the beard, or shaving the head does not render ablution
void. But it is proper to wash and cleanse the parts with water
in all such cases.
A person who is certain that he has
performed his ablution, but has a doubt whether his ablution is
still valid, is entitled to act on his certainty. A mere doubt does
not render the ablution void. If he is certain that his ablution
has been rendered invalid, he should perform the ablution afresh.
But when he is certain that he has invalidated his ablution but
is doubtful whether he has renewed it, it is not permissible for
him to pray until he performs his ablution afresh. After doing ablution
if a person sleeps to the extent that he becomes unconscious and
unaware of his surroundings then his ablution becomes invalid. When
a person nods in drowsiness, but is aware of what is happening around
him and retains his feelings and sense of hearing, such conditions
do not invalidate the ablution.
Rasulullah (SAWS) said,
“Al wuzuo shatrul imaan.”
“Wuzu (ritual purity) is one half of Faith (Imaan).”
- The Messenger of Allah has made urinating and defecation forbidden
in the following instances:
- In a stagnant pool of water.
- In a running stream or on its bank.
- Bank of well whose water is potable.
- Under a fruitful tree.
- On the streets.
- In the cemetery between the graves.
- In the courtyards.
- Urinating from an elevated place or in a standing position.
- Facing Qibla.
- Having one’s back towards Qibla.