Articles
 
 
 

Maulatana Khadeejat ul-Kubraa binte Khuwaylid (as)

   
 

Maulatana Khadeejah (as) was the first zawjah taaherah (wife) of the Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws) and the mother of Maulatana Faatemah (as). She was born in Makkah. Her father's name was Khuwaylid bin Abdul Uzzaa and he was a wealthy trader.

When her father died, Maulatana Khadeejah (as) continued his business of sending trade caravans to Syria and Yemen. Under her sensible management, the business expanded and with the profits she helped the poor, the widows, the orphans, the sick and the disabled. If there were any poor girls, she got them married and arranged for the household things.

Maulatana Khadeejah (as) preferred not to travel with the caravans and used to send her agents instead. She made such great profits that she soon became the richest trader in Makkah. Her trade caravans were larger than the rest of the traders collectively, and her success earned her the title malekat ul-Makkah, "Princess of Makkah".

Although the Arabs were mostly idol worshippers, a few of them had turned away from such practices and believed in One Lord as had been taught by the Maulana Ibraaheem Khaleelullaah (as) and Maulana Ismaa'eel (as).

One such man was Waraqah bin Naufal, the uncle of Maulatana Khadeejah (as). He used to stop people from the terrible practice of burying their baby daughters alive. He was a master of ancient scriptures and had a great interest in the heavenly books Injeel and Tawrat .

Maulatana Khadeejah (as) listened to her uncle's ideas and she also believed in One Lord. Her reputation for being a good lady earned her the name Taaherah, which means "the pure one." As Maulatana Khadeejah (as) fame grew, many men asked for her hand in marriage, but she turned them all down.

In the spring of 595 AD, at the time when the summer caravans were ready to leave Makkah for Syria, Maulatana Khadeejah (as) had not yet found a reliable agent to take her caravan. Meanwhile, Abu Taalib was trying to find employment for his nephew, Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws), who was now 25 years old. When he heard of this vacancy, he came to Maulatana Khadeejah (as) and asked her to consider his nephew for the job.

Like most people in Makkah, Maulatana Khadeejah (as) had heard a lot about the Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws). Already he had earned a reputation for his trustworthiness and honesty. Although he lacked experience, she had no hesitation in hiring him, saying that she would send along with him her slave Maysarah, who was already an experienced traveler.

That year the trade caravan of Maulatana Khadeejah (as) made unusually high profits. Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws) learnt the business intricacies quickly and in Syria he impressed the traders with his clever but fair and just dealing.

On their return to Makkah, the Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws) reported back to Maulatana Khadeejah (as) and then returned to his home. Maysarah then told her about all the details of the trip. He was very impressed with the manner of handling the dealing of Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws) and spoke highly of his character and personality.

That is why, when Abu Taalib sent his sister Safiyah to the house of Maulatana Khadeejah (as) with a marriage proposal from Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws), Maulatana Khadeejah (as) agreed immediately and a date was fixed for the marriage. Abu Taalib himself took charge of the preparations for the marriage of his beloved nephew. On the day of the wedding he dressed Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws) in the cloak of Abdul Muttalib and made him wear the ring of Haashim. Abu Taalib at the agreed Mahar of 400 pieces of gold recited the sermon of marriage. The marriage was a cause of great celebration amongst the entire tribesmen of Quraysh.

Three days after the marriage, Abu Taalib arranged for a feast in which every resident of Makkah was invited for a meal. This practice is known as "Walimah" and Islaam later made it a recommended part of the marriage ceremonies. At the time of their marriage Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws) was 25 years old while Maulatana Khadeejah (as) was 40 years of age.

After her marriage to Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws), Maulatana Khadeejah (as) began to lose interest in her business deals. She settled down happily in her new life as a wife. Because her business was so large, she could not close it overnight. Therefore she slowly began to cut down its size.

Although Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws) still took her trade caravans to Syria and Yemen, she made no attempts to expand her contacts or increase the size of her trade caravans. After a few years, she was no longer a trader, although she still remained a very rich lady. Maulatana Khadeejah (as) made it her duty to serve her husband and make him happy. In this she was very successful. Their marriage was blessed with happiness and children.

Their first child was Qaasim. After his birth, Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws) was called Abul Qaasim - the father of Qasim - as per the custom of the Arabs. The second child was also a boy. His name was Abdullah. He was also called Taahir or Tayyib.

Both boys did not survive very long and died while still very young. These losses made Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws) very sad and when his cousin Maulana Ali (as) was born, he brought him up in his house as his own son.

Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws) used to spend a lot of time in the cave of Hira on Jabal un-Noor, a mountain near Makkah. Here he would contemplate about his magnificent Creator, Allaah and wonder at His creations. He would also think about the actions of the people of Makkah and their bad habits made him very sad. Sometimes, he would remain in Hira for a few days before he returned. At these time Maulatana Khadeejah (as) would bring him food and drink and making sure he was comfortable.

When Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws) was finally commanded by Allaah to begin his mission to preach Islaam, Maulatana Khadeejah (as) was the first woman to accept his message and became a Muslimah. She gave her entire wealth to serve the cause of Islaam. Her money was used to get the freedom of the early Muslims, many of whom were slaves. Later on, her money also financed the two migrations that the Muslims made to Abyssinia to escape the cruelties of the kuffaar, Quraysh.

As Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws) continued preaching Islaam, many of the Quraysh became his enemies. They began to call him with abusive names and insult him. Some of them called him "Abtar" which means an animal whose tail has been cut off. By this word they meant that Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws) had no children who would inherit him and carry forward his name.

This mockery made Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws) sad, until Allaah revealed the Surat ul-Kawsar in reply:
Verily, We have given you (O Muhammad) the Kawsar. So pray to your Lord and offer sacrifice. Verily, your enemy shall be "Abtar."

In these verses Allaah promised Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws) that he would not be childless. And soon afterwards his last child was born, she was a girl and he named her Fatimah Zahraa. Maulatana Fatimah (as) became the mother of our Aimmat-e-Ma'sumeen (as) and through the grandchildren of Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws), his name will remains forever till the Day of Judgement.

Today the descendants of Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws) are present on the back of this earth and they are guiding Du'aat ul-Mutlaqeen for the divine mission. However, no one claims to be the descendants of Iblees uz-zamaan Umar bin Aas or Abu Sufiyan or Abu Jahl or any of the other enemies of Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws) and his descendants. This is because of the promise of Allaah in the above Surah, when He said to Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws) that, "Verily your enemy will be Abtar."

Maulatana Khadeejah (as) was married to Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws) for 25 years. She died on 10th Mahe Ramadhan in 10 A.H. She is buried in Makkah. In the same year Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws) lost his uncle Abu Taalib. He was so saddened by these two great losses that he called that year "Aamul Huzn", which means "The Year of Sadness". While Maulatana Khadeejah (as) lived, Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws) did not marry another woman and in later years he always said that she was the best of his wives.

Rehmat ullil Aalameen Mohammad (saws) had said that Maulatana Khadeejah (as) was one of the four perfect women who had ever lived. The other three are:

  • Maulatana Aasiya, the wife of Fir'aun
  • Maulatana Maryam, the mother of Isaa Ruhullaah (as)
  • Maulatana Fatimah Zahraa (as), the mother of Imaamain Hasanain (as).
   
 
 
Copyright © 2007 Alavibohra.org.  All rights reserved.