“Ka'batullaah” is also called as “Baytullaah.” Ka'bah literally means a house which has four corners. According to the accounts found in the books of Da'wat, these four corners of Ka'bah are similar to and signifies the divine and enlightened fours ranks of Nubuwat, Risaalat, Wasaayat and Imaamat. There has to be an occupant who stays in this house, without which it cannot be called a house. Without an occupant, house is rendered deserted and uninhabited. If we call the House of Allah as “Baytullaah” then the occupants are called “Ahl-ul-Bayt.” Only the residents know the internal matters of a house. No one, except the residents, are aware about the discussions going on in the house, unless they disclose or give an account of the internal affairs to their close relatives and kin. The head of these residents is Rasoolullaah (SAWS); the truth, lucidity, legitimacy and authenticity of whose words rank second after the words of Allah. Maulana ‘Ali (AS), Maulatana Fatema (AS), Imaam Hasan (AS) and Imaam Husain (AS) used to listen and see whatever Rasoolullaah (SAWS) told and did. The people used to listen to the words, sayings and sermons of Rasoolullaah (SAWS) in the mosque of Madina, at other places, during journey and at times of war. Some of them remembered whatever they were told by Rasoolullaah (SAWS) and some of them had a habit of writing the sayings on paper, on hides, on the bark of trees and even carving on the stones. There were four categories of listeners, out of which only one category of people remembered the sayings of Rasoolullaah (SAWS) word by word and these were the people who conveyed the message of Rasoolullaah (SAWS) to the group of people who neither got an opportunity to participate in the assembly nor to come to the mosque of Madina.
Chief Justice of the court of 14th Faatemi Imaam Maulana Mo'iz (as), Saiyedna Qaazi No'maan Saheb (AQ) mentions in the introduction of his numerous books that there was no diversion and differences in the followers at the time of Rasoolullaah (SAWS). It was only after the demise of Rasoolullaah (SAWS) when people did not follow Ahl ul-Bayt (AS) and started appointing the so called learned men, as their leaders. This was the time when there was difference in thoughts and principles. In the greed of fame and wealth, these cursed and so called learned men manipulated the divine words of Allah and transformed the forbidden to permissible and permissible to forbidden. They changed the orders and obligations of the Qur'an. Out of selfishness, greed and speculations, among the group of ignorant and deviated the self proclaimed learned men, the one who presented the principles and doctrines of Islam and the messages and sayings of Rasoolullaah (SAWS) in the most easy and suitable but distorted way to the people became famous and acceptable and people followed them blindly. The outcome was that, the truth, originality, uniqueness and lucidity which Islam and its principles had at the time of Rasoolullaah (SAWS) was eclipsed by the illicit alteration and modifications which led to introduction of various innovations in Islam.
Maulana ‘Ali (AS) has said: If I were allowed to sit among the people after the death of Rasoolullaah (SAWS) for giving justice, then I would have given justice from Qur'an in the people of Qur'an; from Bible in the people of Bible; from Taurat in the people of Taurat; and would never have allowed any difference to surface upon between any two persons. Rasoolullaah (SAWS) has said: “Aqzaakum ‘Aliyun” which means ‘Ali is the most intelligent and jurisprudent among you. When Rasoolullaah (SAWS) sent Maulana ‘Ali (AS) as the magistrate of Yemen , he said: O Rasoolullaah (SAWS) you are sending me among those people who are very intelligent and experienced. I am very young and do I have that much of knowledge to give justice to them? Rasoolullaah (SAWS) put his hand over his chest and said: O Allah, make him legist and jurisprudent in religious matters and guide him to the enlightened truth. Maulana ‘Ali (AS) said, after that day I never had any difficulty in giving justice to the people.
For the one who had seen Rasoolullaah (SAWS) in his time; listened to his sermons and sayings; accepted the invitation to Islam, it was mandatory to accept and obey the orders. If these people considered and accepted the leader appointed by Rasoolullaah (SAWS) after his death and if they would have asked questions to him then they must have got satisfactory and truthful answers. But they disregarded the status of Ahl ul-Bayt (AS) and asked their queries to a person who gave doubtful and distrustful answers. That is the reason Maulana ‘Ali (AS) in the mosque of Kufa placed his hands on the chest and said, “Salooni qabla ‘an tafqedooni”; which means, ask me before you don't find me in this world.
Maulana ‘Ali (AS) describes at length that my eyes has not blinked and my head has not taken rest but I have remained with Rasoolullaah (SAWS) all the time and I know what Allah has revealed about the permissible and forbidden in Shari'at; about the practices of Islam; or any verse of Qur'an through Jibra'eel (AS). Maulana ‘Ali (AS) said to the people: You will not find anyone in between this earth and heavens as knowledgeable as me and there is no verse in the Qur'an which I am unaware of when and where it was revealed.
Imaam Ja'far us-Saadiq (AS) was once asked about the reason of differences and sects in Islam to which he replied: Did these people keep any differences among them at the time of Rasoolullaah (SAWS)? There was no possibility of such a thing as Rasoolullaah (SAWS) was present among them and he used to solve any query between them. In the same way after the death of Rasoolullaah (SAWS), if people would have asked their queries to the legitimate leader Maulana ‘Ali (AS), appointed by Rasoolullaah (SAWS) himself then there would not have been any differences. Contrary to this, people elected their own ignorant leaders who were unaware of the intricate and true principles and doctrines of Islam. When questions were put forward to these cursed leaders, their ignorance surfaced upon and led to differences.
After a long period, Umayyad and Abbasid caliphates played like monkeys on the buttress of Rasoolullaah (SAWS). They were unaware of the principles, doctrines, permissible, forbidden of the religion. They did not even try to establish a truthful kingdom because their only intention was wealth and fame. When they were in power, with the strength of wealth, dishonesty, deception and fabrication they started harassing and disregarding the descendants of Ahl ul-Bayt (AS). They forgot the internal matters of the House and adorned their palaces with the beauty of false, bad-mannered and ill-bred leaders and magistrates. With this cursed strength and power they distorted the truth and this became an important milestone in the creation of differences in Islam.
Allah has denounced this act in Qur'an and said: ‘Who is more distracted and deviated to ignorance than the one who follows assumption and suppositions without the guidance of Allah.' It is quoted elsewhere that, ‘If such people give up to their evil thoughts then indeed the evil will never be able to compete with the truth.' Allah Ta'aala addressed Maulana Dawood (AS) and said: ‘O Dawood, We have bestowed upon you the prophet hood so that you give truthful justice to the people and never follow speculations, gossip and rumours as these will distract you from the right path.' ‘O Dawood, give your judgements according to the rules and orders laid down by Allah and don't get impressed by conjectures and guesswork. The final word is that there is nothing permissible and forbidden in this world and religion which is not mentioned in the Qur'an.' Allah has said: “We have not left a single thing in Qur'an.” Indeed those who disregarded and had disrespect for Ahl ul-Bayt (AS) did not understand the factual and genuine meaning of Qur'an and the Practices of Rasoolullaah (SAWS). This led them to the doors of ignorant ‘learned' men who misguided them. “Indeed Allah guides those He wishes so.” They would have never been misled if they would have fastened their mind and heart with the divine rope of Ahl ul-Bayt (AS) which ultimately leads to the Paradise . Alas! Those who diverged and distracted from the right path of Ahl ul-Bayt (AS) will wander and meander in the darkness of ignorance and innovations. Allah says in Qur'an: “Kullo bid'atin zalaalatun wa kullo zalaalatin fin naar”; Every innovation leads to darkness and every darkness is from the Hell. Truly and undoubtedly the Ahl ul-Bayt (AS) are “raasekhoona fil ‘ilm” and “ahl uz-zikr” . We thank Allah with gratitude that He has guided us to the right path of belief in Ahl ul-Bayt (AS) and has enlightened our heart to understand the true and factual meaning of Qur'an.