indeed we have honoured the sons of Adam (as), and we have carried them on land and sea, and we have provided them with at-Taiyebaat (lawful good things), and have preferred them above many of those whom We have created with a marked preference.’ (70/17) There are seven qualities which Allaah has endowed upon the Banee Aadam (sons of Aadam).
First quality is Ma’refat or recognition of Allaah that He is free from all the names and qualities which a human mind can ponder upon. Second quality is ‘Aql or intellect through which he grasps the principles of the Shari’at of Allaah with the help of either Nabi, Wasi, Imaam or Da’i. Third quality is Nutq or ability to speak and converse by which his worldly life is rendered meaningful. Fourth quality is Qadd-o-Qaam or best physical characteristics of the body which helps him to carry out his daily chores. Fifth quality is Tadbeer or instinct to make effort to sustain himself and his family. Sixth quality is the arrival of Prophets from Allaah who teaches him the Shari’at of Allaah; lawful and unlawful, and makes him aware of his final destiny in the Hereafter. Seventh quality is the Baqaa or eternity by following the Shari’at of Allaah which leads him to the Paradise.
Man is ‘Aalam us-Sagheer (Microcosm) and the Universe in which he lives is ‘Aalam ul- Kabeer (Macrocosm). Man is the best of all creations of Allaah – Ashraf ul-Makhlooqaat. He has been endowed with the supreme quality of Intellect and Intelligence which serves as the only difference between him and other Creations. It is through this quality that he exercises control over others. Thoughts of the Man are limitless. Through intellect and brain which is encaged in this physical body he is able to imagine about the farthest thing which is unseen to him in this physical world. He is able to think about the height of the Skies, bottom of the seas and as far as his imagination can go – even he imagines about Jannat, Jahannam, Aflaak (skies), Qayaamat, Siraat, Mizaan, Hisaab-kitaab, Qabr, Azaab-sawaab, Malaa’ik, Jinnaat etc.
Although man has won the march over all other Creations, Allaah has appointed His Representative, Hujjatullaah over all mankind. Hujjatullaah may be a Nabi, Wasi, Imaam or Da’i, in their respective times. Allaah has ascended them even above the intellect of the man because they are the ‘origin’ of the intellect in this World. World cease to exist without them. They are the cause of the physical and spiritual existence. Hujjat of Allaah is created from the Noor of Allaah. Their succession and eternal presence in this World is the cause of the salvation and redemption for the Mankind. It is through them that we recognize Allaah and His Deen. It is through them that we reach to our point of origin – Intellect. Hujjatullaah are the Noor of Allaah and the World is enlightened with guidance and knowledge because of them. They are the Supreme Intellect and we have to reach to them by following the Shari’at of Allaah. They are the bearers of the Deen of Allaah.
If the people claim that they do not need any guidance from Nabi, Wasi, Imaam or Da’i in the matter of religion and consider themselves as self-reliant and assume that their intellect can differentiate what is right and wrong according to Shari’at, then, they are misguided. If they are questioned about their wrong doings they say that they are intelligent enough to judge what is right and wrong for them. And if we argue with them that no Nabi, Wasi, Imaam or Da’i has done what they are doing then they say angrily, ‘Don’t talk about their deeds.’ Indeed it is the Nabiyullaah who teaches what is lawful and unlawful in the Deen of Allaah. How could an intellect, without the guidance of Allaah, ever judge such things? Allaah Ta’aala says in the Qur’an, “Inna fee zaaleka lazikra le-olil albaab” which means, ‘Verily, in this, is a Reminder for the men of understanding.’
Nabiyullaah knows everything of the Shari’at of Allaah; its past and future, its evident and hidden, its lawful and unlawful etc. He gets this knowledge by the Ta’eed (direct divine revelation) of Allaah. An ordinary human being who acquires knowledge from the Nabiyullaah is Ta’leem (teaching). If a man approaches Rasoolullaah (saws) and asks him, ‘Why do we offer Namaaz of five times and not six?’ And if he replies that he does not know the answer then his Prophethood or Nubuwat carries no meaning. He ceases to be called as the Hujjat of Allaah. But this is not the reality. Rasoolullaah (saws) knows the facts of the Shari’at. He knows the Past, Present and Future. He knows the capacity of the intellect and the grasping power of the one who poses the question. He is indeed equipped with all the answers but first he clarifies the laws of Shari’at as per the mind of common man, in simple understandable terms. Then if again the same question is posed by the same person, Nabiyullaah makes him follow the complex meaning as per his mind-set.
The Philosophers say that Philosophy is based on the ‘Knowledge of Intellect and Acts leading to the Facts’, which is sufficient in every aspect. They contend that there is no purpose of Nabi, Wasi, Imaam or Da’i for the guidance. Alas! They have left the Divine Path of Allaah. What we believe and say is, ‘All the knowledge of this World, in its totality, has its origin in the Knowledge of Ambiyaa (as) and there is no supreme Knowledge that theirs. Allaah Ta’aala says in the Qur’an, “Walaa ratbin walaa yaabesin illa fee ketaabim mobeen” which means, ‘There is no wet or dry thing which we have not included in the Kitaabin Mubeen (Open Book – which is nothing but Hujjatullaah in their respective times). Let the Philosophers come and ask Rasoolullaah (saws) about the facts of Jannat, Jahannam, ‘Arsh, Kursi, Malaa’ekat etc. Verily, they will get all the answers – even of their unimaginable questions.
Allaah Ta’aala created ‘Aql from nothing, when there was no time and space. With the guidance and Ta’eed of Allaah, the ‘Aql did the Ma’refat of Allaah and thought that there is someone who has created it and this is the origin of all knowledge and Noor of Allaah which descended into Nabi, Wasi, Imaam and Da’i for our Najaat. Those who have never paid a heed to try to grasp what has been truly made known during the lifetime of Rasoolullaah (saws) by himself as per the command of Allaah as well as the reason behind the propagation of basic commandments of Islaam by Aal-e-Mohammad (sa). Allaah directs Rasoolullaah (saws) that, You have nothing to do with those people who have made differences in their religion because of not following you and your Ahlul Bayt and got divided into many sects. They only have the faculty of thinking that is common in humans irrespective of Imaan, but the peak and core of thinking is the ‘Aql adorned with the cognition starting from Allaah, His Hikmat behind the creations and His proof in form of Imaam in every era. Fortunate are those who is blessed with this ‘Aql that makes him appraise his darajaat in the Hereafter with the satisfaction that the goal of his coming to this Temporal World is fulfilled by following the Imaam appointed by Allaah through His ‘ilm and noor.