Hikmat
 
 
 
   
  Allaah draws us on to all that is kind and good, for that way lies the forgiveness of our sins, and greater real prosperity and satisfaction. No kind or generous act ever ruined any one. As Allaah knows all our motives and cares for all, and has everything in His power, it is obvious which course a wise man will choose. But wisdom is rare, and it is only wisdom that can appreciate true well-being and distinguish it from the false appearance of well-being.

Allaah says in the Quran that, “He grants wisdom to whom He pleases; and he to whom wisdom is granted receives indeed a benefit overflowing.” (2:269)


The word wisdom in the holy Quran implies the best knowledge seeking to act with fullness and soundness of one’s own conscience. True knowledge is spiritual illumination or divine guidance worked through the grace of Allaah as and when the necessity for it occurs. This being the active result of the constant seeking for it by man from the All Wise and the Almighty. The highest kind of this unique gift is revelation through divine agency which is conferred upon the divinely chosen and the purified ones, i.e. Prophets and Imaams.

Allaah orders to His chosen ones in His book Quran that, “Invite (all) to the way of your Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching; and argue with them in ways that are best.” (16:125)

This divine plan to send the Last Prophet with the most advanced knowledge and wisdom is to convey the final message along with the provision for the continuance of the divine guidance to the last day of the life of the world. Hence the All Wise, Almighty created Ahl-e-Bait-Rasool (AS), the People of the Holy House of Prophet Mohammad (saws), with the purity needed for the purpose of their mission.

Prophet Mohammad (saws) said, “I am the City of Knowledge and Ali is its Gate.” And also “I am the House of Wisdom and Ali is its Gate.” And also “None shall convey anything or preach on my behalf save myself or Ali who is mine and I am his.”

Allaah says in the Holy Quran that, “Verily We have shown him (man) the way, be he (man) grateful or ungrateful.” It has been left to the independent choice or the responsibility of every individual seeker after truth, to know these divine agencies of true guidance and be guided aright, or to reject them and get astray. The right way has been shown to man for all times.

   
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  Imaan (Faith)
   
 

Maulaana Imam Ja’far us-Saadiq bin Imam Muhammad (AS) said, “Faith (imaan) consists in professing by the tongue, believing with the heart, and acting in accordance with its Islamic tenets. This, and nothing but this, is valid.”

The assertion of the common Muslim that faith (imaan) consists in profession and action without the conviction of intent (niyyat) is impossible; for they are unanimous in believing that if a man were to abstain from food and drink for the whole day till night and yet had not conscientiously resolved to fast, he has not fasted. Similarly, if a man were to stand for prayer, bend (ruku’), and prostrate himself (sajda), and yet no intent to pray, he has not prayed; if a man were to halt at ‘arafat and his conscious purpose was not to perform the pilgrimage, he has not performed the pilgrimage; and if, without the intent to pay the zakaat, a man were to give away the whole of his wealth in charity, he has not fulfilled the obligation to pay it; and they hold the same regarding the obligation acts in general. Thus what Saiyed ul-Ambiya Muhammad Rasoolullaah (saws) said is proved, namely that faith consist of profession (qawl), action (a’amaal), and intent (niyyat). This rule and no other is sound.

Saiyed ul-Ambiya Muhammad Rasoolullaah (saws) said, “Verily, actions can be judged only by intentions and every person will be rewarded or punished for what he has intended to do.

Faith consists in testifying that there is no God other than Allaah alone; that He is without associate, and Saiyed ul-Ambiya Muhammad Rasoolullaah (saws) is His Servant and His Messenger; that Heaven and Hell and the Resurrection are verities; that The Hour of Judgement will surely come, there is no doubt thereof; in believing faithfully in the prophets of Allaah and in His messengers and Imams; in knowing the Imam of the time and accepting him faithfully, obeying his commands; in acting in accordance with what Allaah has rendered obligatory upon His servants and avoiding what has been prohibited, and obeying the Imam and accepting what comes from him.

Ameer ul-Mumineen Maulana ‘Ali bin Abi Taalib (AS) said, He was asked, “What is Imaan, and what is Islam?” He replied, “Islam is affirmation (iqraar); while Imaan is affirmation plus cognition (ma’refat). Whosoever has been given knowledge by Allaah regarding Him, His prophets and His Imams, and then professes his faith in these three, is a mumin.”

Ameer ul-Mumineen Maulana ‘Ali bin Abi Taalib (AS) was asked, “O commander of the faithful, what is the least action by which one may be considered as of the faithful (mumin), or a disbeliever (kaafir),or misguided (zaall)?” Maulana Ali (AS) said, “The least by which a man becomes a mumin is that Allaah should grant him true knowledge of his own self so that he may accept obedience to Allaah; and that He should grant him knowledge of His Prophet so that he may obey him; and that He should instruct him concerning His proof (hujjat, the Imam) on His earth and His witness (shaahid) to mankind, so that he may believe in his imaamat and affirm his obedience to him.” He was asked, “What happens if he is ignorant of other things?” He replied, Yes it is all right, but when commanded, he should obey, and when prohibited he should desist.

Maulana Ali (AS) continued, “The least thing that will make him an “associator” (mushrik, commonly termed as polytheist) is believing in what Allaah has forbidden, and asserting perversely that Allaah has so ordered it, then proclaiming it as a creed, and alleging that he worships that which he has been commanded to worship, while that is something or someone other than Allaah the Mighty and Glorious. The least that will cause a man to be misguided is not to recognize the Proof (hujjat) of Allaah on His earth and His Witness to mankind, the Imam, so that he could follow the Imam’s example.

   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
  Misaaq and Walaayat
   
  The incident of Ghadeer-e-Khumm, and the Messenger of Allaah’s position on the occasion with regard to the walaayat of Maulana ‘Ali (AS), is generally recognized and well known, and not to be denied by friend or foe. When Saiyed ul-Ambiya Muhammad Rasoolullaah (saws) returned from the Farewell Pilgrimage and came to Ghadeer-e-Khumm, he gave the order that some large trees with wide branches be trimmed and the ground cleared, and announced a congregational prayer. The people then assembled and Messenger of Allaah Mohammad (saws) took Maulana ‘Ali (AS) by the arm and made him stand next to him, and said, “O you people, know that what Haroon (AS) was to Moosa (AS), ‘Ali (AS) is to me, except that there shall be no prophet after me, and he is your Wali after me. Thus Maulana ‘Ali (AS) is the master (maula, commander) of the one who has acknowledged me as his master.” Then the Messenger of Allaah Saiyed ul-Ambiya Muhammad (saws) raised his arms until the whiteness of his armpits could be seen by the assembled people and said, “O Allaah, be affectionate to him who is devoted to ‘Ali (AS), and hostile to him who is hostile to ‘Ali (AS); give victory to him who helps ‘Ali (AS), and forsake him who forsakes ‘Ali (AS) - and make the truth go with ‘Ali (AS) where ever he goes.” What compact (bay’at, misaaq) then could be more binding than this compact and the walaayat?
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
  Ahl ul-Bayt (AS) through the event of Mubaahilah
 
  The people said to Maulana ‘Ali (AS), “Enlighten us with one of the examples of your attainments, O commander of the faithful.” ’Ali (AS) then replied, ‘Once there came two Christian scholars to Saiyed ul-Ambiya Muhammad Rasoolullaah (saws), and they spoke to him concerning Jesus. Subsequently, Allaah revealed the following verse to Saiyed ul-Ambiya Muhammad (saws): Lo! The likeness of Jesus with Allaah is as the likeness of Adam. He created him of dust….to the end of the verse. Then Saiyed ul-Ambiya Muhammad Rasoolullaah (saws) came and took me, Hasan, Husain, and Fatima by the hand and went out for the imprecation (mubaahala). He raised his palms upwards towards the sky, separating out the fingers, and invited the two scholars, to take part in the imprecation. When the two scholars saw Saiyed ul-Ambiya Muhammad (saws) like this, one of them said to his companion, “If he is a prophet, by Allaah, we shall surely be destroyed; and if he is not a prophet, his people will suffice us in his respect we will leave him to his people, who will destroy him for us”; and so they desisted and went away.’
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
  The Friends of Allaah
   
 

The pure Imams, the friends of Allaah, are the Proofs through which He established His claim against His creature. They are also the Gates of His mercy which He opened to His servants, and the means to attain salvation (najaat), which He devised for His friends and followers. Without obedience of the Imams, a man’s work are not accepted. Only those who have given credence to their imaamat and have shown their devotion to them, excluding those who have displayed enmity toward them and have disobeyed them, will be recompensed.

Saiyed ul-Ambiya Mohammad Rasoolullaah (saws) was asked about those who were subjected the most to the trials and tribulations in this world. He replied, “The prophets, then the vicegerents (awsiya), then the Imams, and finally the faithful.”

   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
  Shi'a of Ameer ul-Mumineen Maulaana Ali (AS)
   
  Ameer ul-Mumineen Maulana ‘Ali Bin Abi Taalib said, “Certain people came to him asking him about some worldly affairs and sought to ingratiate themselves with him in this matter by saying, ‘We are from among your partisans, O Commander of the Faithful.’ Maulana ‘Ali (AS) gazed at them steadily and said, ‘I do not know you nor do I perceive that you bear the mark that you claim. The distinguishing marks of our partisan are that a person should believe in Allaah and His Messenger Saiyed ul-Ambiya Muhammad (saws), act in obedience to Him and avoid the things He has pronounced as sins, obey us in what we command him, and respond to our call to what we invite him to do. Our partisans keep a constant watch over the sun, the moon, and the stars in order to observe the appointed times of prayer. Our Shi’a are marked by our parched lips and hollow stomachs. The marks of asceticism are writ large on their faces.’ He who would take what is not rightfully his is not of our party, nor is the one who would wrong the people, nor he who would take what is not his to take.”
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
  Knowledge and Wealth - What our Maula says...
   
 

There are plenty of flowers of wisdom in the garden of sayings of Ameer ul-Mumineen Maulana Maulaana Ali (AS). Describing the facts and truth about the knowledge and wealth, Maulaana Ali (AS) has said some excellent and priceless citations which serve as a true determination and motivation for the mumineen.

  • The perfection of the deen is to acquire knowledge and act accordingly.
  • Acquisition of knowledge is necessary and essential than the acquisition of wealth.
  • Wealth will get distributed among the people whether you are there or not. But knowledge strengthens your every deed and it is the cause of advancement to the Paradise.
  • Wealth decreases on spending but knowledge increases on spending. Spending knowledge is to spread and promulgate it among its seeker.
  • Company of an erudite person is like a religion by which Allaah is prayed. And obeying an educated person multiplies the good deeds and erases evil deeds. Knowledge is a spiritual ascension of a mumin and after his death he is remembered for his knowledge and good deeds.
  • There are many exquisite qualities and admirable ranks for the one who seeks knowledge.
  • The head of the knowledge is modesty, humbleness and diffidence.
  • The eye of the knowledge is abstaining from jealousy.
  • The ear of the knowledge is to understand and comprehend properly.
  • The tongue of knowledge is to speak truth.
  • The fortification of knowledge is scrutiny and investigation.
  • The hand of the knowledge is to help and be kind to others.
  • The strength of knowledge is security and safety.
  • The leg of the knowledge is to meet the scholars.
  • The wisdom of knowledge is abstinence.
  • The result of knowledge is salvation.
  • The soldier of knowledge is well being.
  • The carriage of knowledge is loyalty.
  • The weapon of knowledge is soft speech.
  • The sword of knowledge is to be happy.
  • The shield of knowledge is good conduct and virtuous character.
  • The army of the knowledge is to converse with educated people.
  • The wealth of knowledge is discipline and propriety.
  • The treasure of knowledge is to abstain from sins.
  • The belonging of knowledge is to do good deeds.
  • The argument of the knowledge is guidance.
  • The friend of knowledge is the company of well-mannered and courteous people.
   
 

SUPERIORITY OF KNOWLEDGE TO WEALTH

“Knowledge is better than worldly riches, because knowledge is your guardian, but you have to safeguard your property. Worldly riches diminish if spent or given our but knowledge increases if imparted to others. Whatever is obtained and built up with worldly property will be destroyed with the consumption of that property.”

Maulaana Ali (AS) has compared knowledge and wealth on many occasions, and has always described knowledge as superior and more valuable than wealth. In the above saying, too, Maulaana Ali (AS) underlines the superiority of knowledge to worldly riches. He sets out three reasons in support of this view:

First, knowledge protects man from the problems of life and afflictions of the next world. Wealth however is in no way a safeguard. In fact, the possessor of wealth is compelled to spend of his time, resources and energy to preserve this wealth.

Second, the possessor of wealth, when he gives out part of his property to others, his wealth is rescued in proportion with this donation. But the possessor of knowledge, however much he imparts his knowledge to others, his knowledge will increase and not diminish. Through his instruction of others, he himself will become more capable and gain more in expertise and ability in his field of knowledge.

Third, when property and wealth are destroyed, all that one obtained as a result of wealth will be destroyed too. For example, if one has reached a position wherein his wealth secures for him worthiness and respect among a group or if individuals have befriended him because of his wealth, then as soon as his wealth is destroyed for whatever reason, his position, respect and friends will be lost along with his wealth.

However the man of knowledge obtains by virtue of his knowledge will never be destroyed, because this knowledge which has brought him privileges will be retained forever.

   
 

MODESTY OF THE RICH AND PRIDE OF THE POOR

How beautiful is the modesty of the rich in the face of the poor for winning Allaah's satisfaction; and how more beautiful is the pride and heedlessness of the poor towards the rich, owing to their trust in Allaah.”

In Islam neither wealth nor poverty are standards of superiority. This means that a Muslim, who has true faith in Allaah's commands, does not maintain more respect for the rich and less for the poor or vice versa. Because Allaah has said that man's value rests upon piety, therefore the more pious a man, the more respect he deserves.

Unfortunately, however. There are individuals for whom this Islamic behavior has little meaning. Such persons, if they are wealthy, behave proudly because of their riches.

They do not heed the poor and often times are not willing to associate with those less fortunate than themselves.

On the other hand one who is less fortunate and uses flattery and bows down before the rich, indeed loses his self-respect.

In this respect, Maulana Ali (AS) has said; “Instead of showing pride and heedlessness, if a rich man shows respect and modesty towards the poor in order that he may please Allaah, then certainly he has done right, because real riches ad respect are rewards that belong to Allaah.”

But more worthily an act is that a poor man does not bow down before the rich, but rather shows pride ad heedlessness. One who first relies upon Allaah derives his needs from Him. Such a person in no way needs to kowtow to the rich or try to draw their affections in the hope that they fulfill his requirements.

A man who trusts in Allaah derives all his requirements from Him alone. Thus this man does not need to degrade himself in the eyes of the rich.
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
  Thoughtful Words
   
 

9 + 1 = 10
It has been revealed
By the Prophet Mohammad (saws)
That when Allaah created Adam (as)
At the same time he also created
Things along with it
And distributed some of the human qualities accordingly.

   
 

When Allaah created the ten graceful (rehmat) things,
He distributed nine of them in Mecca
And one at other places.

   
 

Allaah gave a quality of generosity (sakhaavat),
Of which he distributed nine of ten in Arabs
And one in others.

   
 

Allaah created ten parts of intellect (aql),
Which He distributed nine in man
And one in woman.

   
 

Allaah created ten parts of knowledge (ilm),
Nine of which is stored in Holy Quran
And one in other books.

   
 

Allaah distributed modesty and shyness (haya and sharam),
Nine in woman
And one in man.

   
 

Allaah created ten parts of jealousy (hasad and adekhai),
Nine in learned man
And one in common man.

   
 

Allaah created ten parts of diseases (bimaari),
Of which He distributed nine of them in wise and noble man
And one in others.

   
 

Allaah created ten parts of beauty (khoobsurati),
And distributed nine of it in Iranians
And one in others.

   
 

Allaah created ten parts of blessings (barkat),
Nine in sheep and goats
And one in others.

   
 

Allaah created ten parts of perfection (kamaal),
Of which He distributed nine in India
And one in other places.

   
 

Allaah created ten parts of greed and lust (shehvat),
From which he distributed nine in woman
And one in others.

   
 

Allaah created ten parts of thankfulness (shukr),
From which He distributed nine in noble man
And one in others

   
 

Allaah created ten parts of bravery (shujaa'at),
Nine in Arabs
And one in others.

   
 

Allaah create ten parts of injustice and oppression (zulm),
Of which He distributed
Nine in dictators-kings
And one in others.

   
 

Allaah created ten parts of trickery (chaalbaazi),
Of which He distributed nine in Portuguese or Englishman
And one in others.

   
 

Allaah created ten parts of neatness and cleanliness (nazaafat and chokkhaai),
Nine of them in mumin
And one in others.

   
 
   
   
   
 
 

Shaping of Character through the Words of Wisdom

   
 
 
 
  Do Not Need a Doctor
   
 

The Words of Wisdom of the Master of Walis, the Sun of Bravery and the Moon of Austerity, Maulaana Ali (as), the Commander of the Faithful, for maintaining a better health of mumineen and following certain habits that are beneficial in a long run, are such wise and prudent that if followed appropriately then the up and down of one’s health would be considerably reduced. If the believers adopt or implement the small and big measures expressed by our Maulaa Ali, then there would not be any need to see the doctor.

  1. Do not eat unless you are hungry: Those who have a habit of eating anything on any time thoughtlessly keep on churning, then their health is in danger. Whether hungry or not, but keep on eating just like animals do, will lead to poor health.
  2. Eat as long as your appetite allows you to eat: Eat in small amounts, but do not leave the plate with uneaten or unattended food.  It is obligatory on the person eating that when he eats his eyes are focused on the food, pays attention and knows very well the food he is eating. So, do not do anything while eating.  Eat as long your appetite allows you to eat.  Do not force yourself to eat. Eating in a sordid environment causes indigestion.
  3. Eat less, so that the stomach remains somewhat empty, and eat with proper chewing:  Most people have a bad habit of eating in haste. Within minutes they finish up their meals. Such a practice is harmful to the health. Believers are advised to take up small morsels and chew the food properly, which causes less strain on the stomach and the food is easily digested. Petite food, but eaten serenely, silently and slowly is beneficial. Health depends on the way you consume your food.  Eat by sitting on the floor.
  4. When you want to sleep, ensure that you are at a calm place: Do not sleep at a place where people are talking, or working, or doing something so that its sound disturbs you and distracts your sleep. Go to sleep in a secluded place, away from any noise or movements, and in a quiet place. By doing this you will feel a mental contentment, you will feel free and will connect yourself with sleep and would fall asleep easily.
 
 
  "Why?"
   
 

One man came to Imaam Ja’far us-Saadiq (as) saying, May my father and mother be ransom to you and may I sacrifice myself on you by thousand lives, Please advise me so that my life becomes easy, trouble free, full of satisfaction and contentment, and when I am on the death bed, none of my longings  would have remained unfulfilled.

Imaam Ja’far us-Saadiq (as) replied him, O my Dear! May Allaah bless you with the sound understanding, and may your questioning lead you to climb the ladder of success and may our teachings make your days and nights become resplendent. You should regard our saying as amulets, because its worthy of keeping them besides your heart and its value is greater than worldly treasures, and if you act accordingly then you are sure to get the mercy of Allaah Ta’aala.

O Brother, remember our saying, that whatever you do, think, expect from others, expect good results after doing something, you should think over all these and ask yourself this question, “WHY?”, so you would realize that many things that you do are unnecessary, and you would be drawn to the essential things that should have been done more effectively, religiously and dedicatedly without wasting your time of this precious life.

1) When your sustainer, Allaah Ta’aala, has guaranteed that He will look after you, He will take care of you, then “WHY” this pillage, brawl and stealing?

2) Your fortunes have been allocated to you, and as has been determined, you are destined to get it, then “WHY” this greed, avidity and gluttony?

3) You will have to account for your actions and wealth, then “WHY” accumulate the worldly wealth?

4) You know very well that you would be rewarded for you good deeds, then “WHY” to be lethargic in doing and executing them?

5) When Allaah Ta’aala has made arrangements to nourish and bring up your family, then “WHY” are you reluctant in spending your earnings on them?

6) Whenever someone does debauchery, he is punished, and hell is his last place of punishment, then “WHY”  are you inclined towards it?

7) Death is certain, everything in this world has to vanish, the angel of death would come any time with the message of destruction, extinction and elimination, then “WHY” such happiness on gaining the worldly assets and position more or less?

8) If, to honour someone is from Allaah Ta’aala, then “WHY” to cajole and flatter someone to get something out from him and expect his undue favour?

9) The devil is always there to entice you, then “WHY” to remain careless from his trickery?

10) The worldly pleasures and estates never remain with any one for ever, then “WHY” to neglectfully put trust on them and mindlessly run after them?

11) You know very well that Allaah Ta’aala knows everything that has gone in the past, what is being done and what is going to happen in future, and destiny of every thing rests with Him, then “WHY” to become inconsolable and regretful for a work or a wish that in not accomplished?

   
   
 
   
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