Saiyed ul-Ambiyaa Mohammad Rasoolullaah (saws) has said: “All actions are dependent upon the intention of a person”. The consequence of any action is dependent upon the thinking behind it. A man will achieve whatever he has intended, whether it is success or marriage or good deeds.
Imaan is declaring and solemnizing with Kalimah-e-Shahaadat, “There is no God but Allah, And He is One and Unique without any Partner, and that Mohammad is His Servant and His Prophet, And Ali is his vicegerent and his deputy. To solemnize that Angels (malaa'ik) , Heaven (jannat), Hell (jahannam), Death (maut), Life after Death (aakherat), Questioning after Death (hisaab-e-aamaal), Weighing Scale (mizaan), Path of Salvation (siraat-e-mustaqeem) and The Day of Resurrection (ba'sat) and The Day of Judgement (qayaamat) are all true (haqq).”
Imaan also means believing in Allah's Prophets, their revelations, books and gospels and Prophet Mohammed (saws) as the last messenger and the best of them all and his progeny Ahl-e-Bayt (as) are his true successors and that the Imaams and Du'aat are the true representatives of Allah on this earth.
Islam is based on 7 pillars:
Imaan is based on 4 pillars:
- Yaqeen (Conviction)
- Adl (Justice)
- Sabr (Patience)
- Jihaad (Safeguarding the beliefs and traditions)
Out of these the first one Walaayat is the most important without which other pillars are null and void. Walaayat means having Unflinching Love, Respect & Affection for the Da'iullaah (one who summons mumineen towards truth and guidance through the Da'wat of Ahl-e-Bayt-e-Rasool (as)) of that era (zamaan), and having cognizance of his divine status and position. And over and above that, it is the obedience to all his commands without questioning and acceptance and following of all his orders in totality. Without Walaayat Allah does not accept any deeds of followers. And Imaan goes hand in hand with Walaayat, both being the 2 different facets of the same coin. No follower is as near and dear to Allah except the one who is MUMIN.
Defining the true meaning of Imaan, our 5 th Imaam Ja'far us-Saadiq (as) said: “Imaan is to Utter (qaul) with tongue, Execute (amal) with hands and Believe (tasdeeq) unfailingly in Heart.”
Hence in short it is
The interpretations forwarded by others in this regard are all false and untrue.
Now there are various stages of Imaan. The imaan of that mumin is complete and perfect, if he acts according to what has been made obligatory on his various body parts like the tongue, ears, eyes, heart, hands, feet and genitals, and refrains from doing things which are forbidden to do on these parts. Invariably such a mumin deserves heaven. On the other hand if somebody defaults in these obligations and does not implement according to the orders, his imaan is incomplete and faulty and he is subjected to the torment of hell.
With complete imaan if a mumin also has sincerity and devotion he is more near to Allah.
A person can never attain nearness to Allah if he performs good deeds but is deficient in Imaan! Anything without imaan is worthless in the eyes of the Almighty! The words “Imaan” and “Islam” have been distinguished in the Quran itself! Both are unique in their interpretations but not the same. An Imaandar or a Mumin is always a Muslim. But all Muslims are not mumins! In fact it could be better explained mathematically as, Islam is a subset of Imaan. Islam is all about outward manifestation and expression of aamaal while Imaan implies the hidden concealed ilm, hikmat and beliefs on which aamaal is based. Islam is accepting the tenets externally (zaahiri), while Imaan is recognition internally (baatini).
In short, Cognizance and recognition of Allah, Rasool, Imaam uz-Zamaan and the Da'i-uz-Zamaan, makes a person a true MUMIN.