Shahrullaah il Mo'azzam 1440 AH
 

Kitaab ul-Wasaaya (The Book of Moral Teachings)

 
 
   
  PDF version of this Book: Gujarati | English
   
 

Introduction:

   
 

Imaam Mohammad al-Baaqir SA said, “Every one of us should do Wasiyat - give injunctions to our kith and kin, and it is a right of every Muslim”. This is pertaining to the Wasiyat or Last Will about Worldly possessions, Wealth, Property, Children and Jewelry - which a deceased person does before his death to his/her family members.

But what a Nabi, Wasi or Imaam enjoins his followers is not about these material things of the world. Their injunctions are about Deen of Allaah. Following the path of Allaah. Giving allegiance to the rightful authority - who in their respective periods is a Nabi, Wasi, Imaam or his deputy called Da'i inviting mumineen-believers towards him (Imaam). It's about acting in obedience to Allaah and his Shari'at. It’s about exercising restraint that which is unlawful and harmful in every respect. It's about protecting one's beliefs and faith.

These injunctions are not time bound. But Imaam repeats them several times and says afresh among the gatherings of the followers either privately or publicly. It is incumbent upon the Mumineen to follow the words of the Imaam or Da'i. 

Saiyedna Qadi No'maan bin Mohammad RA came in the Khidmat of 11th Faatemi Imaam Maulaana Mahdi Billaah SA. He served the Imaam selflessly and whatever he learnt from the Imaam, he disseminated it relentlessly and systematically, by his permission to the Mumineen in the form of books or lectures-Majaalis. He wrote several books on the Qur'anic teachings, Ahaadees of Rasoolullaah SAWS, Historical accounts and the importance of the eternal mission of Imaamat. His books stresses on the significance of succession of Imaamat from father to son by spiritual and authoritative appointment – Nass whether it is explicit or implicit. Imaam either manifest or in seclusion is always present on the face of the Earth.

History repeats itself. Even today people from different sects are busy in maligning us false information and baseless allegation - our beliefs, customs and practices. Just as the previous Du'aat painstakingly worked to protect the Deen of Allaah by publishing books, giving lectures or delivering sermons; it is our responsibility to carry over their divine mission ahead and to falsify the venomous propaganda of ill-intent people. With all present mediums available we are continuously working to bring forth the Knowledge of Ahl ul Bayt SA in the Khidmat of Mumineen, so that they come to know about the history and the reality as well as help to strengthen their beliefs and faith.

Saiyedna Abu Sa’eed il Khayr Haatim Zakiyuddin Saheb TUS never leaves any stone unturned when it comes to dissemination of knowledge among the Mumineen. He encourages Mumineen to take advantage of our website, our newsletter and our mobile application and seek the knowledge of Ahl ul Bayt SA.

No Majlis or gatherings of Mumineen go without Bayaan. First night of every month, after Fajr Namaaz on selected days, exclusive Dars for Mumineen regarding Shari’at-Lisaan ud Da’wat-Arabic, on the occasion of Ziyaarat, Chaalisma, Chammaasi and Warsi of the Mumineen in the Qabrastaan, majlis of Nikaah and Misaaq, majlis of ‘Urs.  Mumineen are addressed in every gathering. This is the need of time. The Imaam or the Da'i disseminates the knowledge among the Mumineen as per the need arises. These are efforts from our end and our duty. The duty of Mumineen is to take interest and actively participate in it and reciprocate to our endeavors.

Saiyedna saheb TUS has translated the chapter of Wasiyat of A’immat Faatemiyeen SA from the book Da'aaim ul Islaam. This has been put in the Khidmat of Mumineen in two languages - Gujarati and English. It's an attempt to bring forth the importance of Wasiyat of the Imaam. Also to emphasize the fact that Imaam always doesn't talk about Religion but enjoins their Shi'as to be a good and perfect human first. We hope that this book will help Mumineen to get a clear picture about the era of our Faatemi Imaams and their Shi'as. Mumineen will be able to grasp the injunctions of the Imaam and will try to adopt it in their lives. The words of the Imaam are true in every sense and applicable in every period.

   
 

Contents:

   
 
  • About Saiyedna Qadi No’maan bin Mohammad RA
  • About the Compilation of Da’aaim ul Islaam
  • About the Book Da’aaim ul Islaam
  • Acknowledgment
  • Precept – 1: Shi’a not by Words but by Deeds and Virtues
  • Precept – 2: Be my Silent Da'i - Missionary, but how?
  • Precept – 3: Love of Imaam is all we need, not the Shari'at! Is this true?
  • Precept – 4: First Renounce and then Perform
  • Precept – 5: Imaam is not destitute but people are... But of what?
  • Precept – 6: Number of Shi’as does not matter but their qualities do
  • Precept – 7: Keeping secrecy is one of the main prerequisite of Imaamat
  • Precept – 8: We told us to remain Silent but you did not do such a simple thing also!
  • Precept – 9: Sharing Knowledge with undeserving people is doing Injustice to Knowledge
  • Precept – 10: You cannot become Shi’a on your wish but Allaah’s
  • Precept – 11: Do not manipulate the words of the Imaam
  • Precept – 12: Diplomacy and Political prowess is also a facet of Imaamat
  • Precept – 13: Your protection lies in protecting your tongue
  • Precept – 14: Nothing but following the Shari'at and good deeds will help us in the Hereafter
  • Precept – 15: Perform your Deeds with Pure Heart and not for showing to others
  • Precept – 16: We are from Ahl ul Bayt SA
  • Precept – 17: Our Shi'a are on the path of Allaah and His Angels
  • Precept – 18: Our Shi'a are protected by the Ne'mat of our Love
  • Precept – 19: Not offering Namaaz is a great Sin
  • Precept – 20: Our enemy is the enemy of Allaah
  • Precept – 21: Our knowledge is pure from any alterations and manipulations
  • Precept – 22: Imaam is the Master of Physical Possessions and Spiritual Ascension of his followers
  • Precept – 23: Keep good relationship with others and be friendly with the people of all religions
  • Precept – 24: The Reward of your Devotion will be our Company in the Hereafter
   
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Email : dawat.publication@alavibohra.org
 
   
 
  About Saiyedna Qadi No’maan bin Mohammad RA:
 

The foremost Isma’ili jurist and founder of Faatemi Isma’ili jurisprudence, Abu Hanifa No’maan b. Muhammad at-Tamimi al-Maghribi al-Faatemi, better known as al-Qadi Saiyedna No’maan RA, was born around 290 AH/903 AD into a learned family in Qayrawan, in North Africa. Very little is known about his family, childhood and education. His father’s name was Abu ‘Abdullaah Muhammad b. Mansur b. Ahmad b. Hayyun.

Brought up and Educated as an Isma’ili, in 313 AH/ 925 AD Saiyedna No’maan RA entered the service of Imaam ‘Abdullaah al-Mahdi SA (death 322 AH/ 934 AD), the 11th Faatemi Imaam who did the manifestation-Zuhoor and founded the Faatemi Empire in North Africa in 297 AH/ 909 AD. He served four Faatemi Imaams (pl. A’immat) – 11th, 12th, 13th and 14th, in different capacities, such as the keeper of the palace library and the judge of Tripoli and Mansuriyya, the new capital from 337 AH/ 948 AD under the 13th Imaam Isma’il al-Mansoor SA.

Saiyedna No’maan RA’s advancement under the Faatemi Imaams culminated in his appointment in 337 AH/ 948 AD by Imaam al-Mansoor SA to the position of chief judge (qadi al-qudaat) of the Faatemi state. The 14th Faatemi Imaam al-Mo’iz SA confirmed and continued Saiyedna No’maan RA in that post and in 343 AH/ 954 AD also entrusted him with the grievances proceedings (mazaalim) throughout the Faatemi Empire.

In addition, he was authorized by Imaam al-Mo’iz SA to hold the ‘Sessions of Wisdom’ (majaalis al-hikmah) every Friday in the royal palace to instruct Isma’ili audiences in the esoteric Isma’ili sciences, known as Hikmah, as well as the ta’weel or esoteric interpretations of the Qur’an and the commandments of the Islamic law. Saiyedna Qadi No’maan RA accompanied Imaam al-Mo’iz SA to Egypt in 362 AH/ 973 AD and died in Cairo, the new Faatemi capital, on the 29th Jumaadi al Ukhraa 363 AH/ 27 March 974 AD; his funeral prayer was led by Imaam al-Mo’iz SA himself.

Saiyedna Qadi No’maan RA is, however, best known as the founder of a juridical system for a Faatemi state reflecting the universalist aspirations of the Faatemi Imaams while recognizing the minority status of the Isma’ilis within the larger Muslim society of North Africa. He codified Isma’ili law and his efforts culminated in the compilation of the book Da’aaim ul Islaam, in two volumes, on the acts of ‘Ibaadat and worldly affairs (mu‘aamelaat), supervised closely and endorsed by Imaam al-Mo’iz SA as the official legal code of the Faatemi state. The book Da’aaim ul Islaam has continued throughout the centuries to serve as the principal legal authority for the Faatemi Taiyebi Isma’ili Musta’alavi Bohras. Saiyedna No’maan RA was also the founder of a distinguished family of chief judges in the Faatemi state.

 
   
 
  About the Compilation of Da’aaim ul Islaam:
 

After the Wafaat of 7th Faatemi Imaam Maulaana Mohammad, the son of Imaam Isma’il SA, the 3 consecutive Imaams after him went into seclusion - Satr. They led a simple and highly secret life fearing life from the enemies of Imaams of the Progeny of Maulaatona Faatema SA - Aal e Faatema SA.
When Maulaana Imaam al-Mahdi Billaah SA did Zuhoor (manifested himself publicly) in 297 AH in North Africa, the true picture of Deen of Allaah and the Shari'at was already distorted by the existent sects and their leaders fulfilling their own vested interests of gaining political power and religious superiority.

Hence resurrecting the true picture of Deen of Allaah was necessary for the Imaam and his Du'aat - missionaries. It is therefore evident that role of Da'i e Balaagh like Saiyedna Qadi No'maan bin Mohammad RA was very crucial to fill in the vacuum of true knowledge. The Imaam enjoined Saiyedna Qadi No'maan with the supreme responsibility of infusing new life in the Deen of Allaah.

Saiyedna Qadi No'maan wrote “Kitaab ul Himmah fi Aadaab e Atbaa' il A’immah” which highlights the distinction of the followers of the rightful Imaams and their attributes. He compiled various quotations, narrations and incidents; he came across during the company of the Imaam and named that book as “Kitaab ul Majaalis wal Musaa'eraat”. It is the collection of 35 years of the life of Saiyedna Qadi No'maan with the Imaams. It doesn't seem like a book but like a diary.

It is presumed that the book “Da’aaim ul Islaam” was composed somewhere around 349 AH/960 AD. Saiyedna No’maan RA does not mention his name in the Book because it was commissioned by 14th Faatemi Imaam Maulaana al-Mo’iz SA and was proclaimed as the official legal code of the Faatemi State. The composition of the Book was the culmination of the Saiyedna No’maan RA’s efforts to codify the Isma’ili law more than 30 years after he began the compilation of his voluminous book “Kitaab ul Izaah”.

19th Yemeni Da’i e Mutlaq Saiyedna Idrees ‘Imaaduddin RA describes the circumstances under which the Faatemi Imaam Maulaana al-Mo’iz SA commissioned Saiyedna No’maan RA to compile the book “Da’aaim ul Islaam”: Once there was a large gathering of the Du’aat at the court of Imaam al-Mo’iz SA. During the meeting of that assembly the subject of conversation turned to the fabrication of the Prophetic traditions-Ahaadees, and differences of opinions among the Muslims, which led to the division of the Muslim community into different sects.

On seeing this, Imaam al-Mo’iz SA remembered the Hadees of Rasoolullaah SAWS – “You (Muslims) will surely follow the paths of the previous communities as a horseshoe upon a horseshoe and an arrow feather upon an arrow feather, to the extent that if they (communities) had entered a lizard’s hole, then you too would surely have done that”.

The Imaam remembered another Hadees in which Rasoolullaah SAWS pointed – “When innovations appear in my community, let the learned man make manifest his knowledge, but if he does not do so, the Allaah’s Curse will be upon him”.

The Imaam turned to Saiyedna No’maan RA and told him, “You No’maan is the one meant by the latter Hadees in these times”. The Imaam thus commissioned Saiyedna No’maan RA to compose the book. When Saiyedna No’maan RA completed the compilation as instructed, Imaam al-Mo’iz SA revised it chapter by chapter, section by section, confirming what firmly established and authentic practice (Sunnah) was and tradition (Hadees) of his forefathers, polishing its rough edges and filling the gaps. It is this quality and distinguished feature of the book that Da’aaim ul Islaam is the most authentic piece of Isma’ili literature because it was overlooked, revised and edited by the Imaam himself. Such example is not found anywhere.

 
   
 
  About the Book Da’aaim ul Islaam:
 

The Book “Da’aaim ul Islaam” is nothing short of a Miracle manifested on the hands of 14th Faatemi Imaam al-Mo’iz SA through his Da’i Saiyedna No’maan RA. Through this book, the correct teachings of Rasoolullaah SAWS and Ahl ul Bayt SA became conspicuous and the banner of Islaam attained new heights. All harmful innovations were uprooted for which Rasoolullaah SAWS had said, “All innovations are aberration and every aberration is in the Hell”.

16th Faatemi Imaam al-Haakim SA writes to one of his Da’i (missionary) Haaroon bin Mohammad, “And when you give judgment regarding the permissible (Halaal) and forbidden (Haraam) to the seekers of the knowledge, give it according to the book Da’aaim ul Islaam”. Da’aaim ul Islaam was memorized by all judges in the Faatemi State. Even Ya’qoob bin Killis (Wazeer – deputy of 15th Faatemi Imaam al-‘Azeez SA) follows the book Da’aaim ul Islaam while describing the rules of the Pillars of Islaam in his book.

Islaam is founded on seven pillars, - 1) Walaayat (Devotion, acceptance and loyalty to the rightful Imaams and their representatives). 2) Tahaarat (ritual purity). 3) Salaat (ritual prayers, Namaaz). 4) Zakaat (giving alms in a calculated amount to the Imaam in the month of Ramazaan). 5) Sawm (fasting). 6) Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah and Madeenah). 7) Jehaad (holy war).

The first Pillar of Walaayat is most important without which everything else is meaningless and void. The book starts with the first Pillar of Walaayat and each Pillar has been labeled as ‘Kitaab’ for example – Kitaab ul Walaayat. Each Pillar is further divided into several chapters for the ease of understanding and sequence.

Wasiyat of the Imaams done to their Shi’as and followers is a separate chapter in the Kitaab ul Walaayat. Wasiyat means injunctions or moral teachings or enjoinments. Translation of this chapter of Wasiyat has been named as “Kitaab ul Wasaaya” (pl. of Wasiyat) in the Khidmat of Mumineen.

 
   
 
  Acknowledgment:
 

Praise be to Allaah Ta'aala that He has created us as Human Beings and by granting us a short but special life.  He has given us an opportunity to seek Najaat and Shafaa'at - Salvation and Redemption. To make our short worldly life easy and soothing, He has given us the Ne'mat of family, society and businesses.

For our Salvation and Redemption, He has made us to grasp the path of his Divine Religion - Deen of Allaah. He has bestowed us with the favor of Guardians of His Deen - Nabi, Wasi and Imaam and it is through their obedience that we are able to reach Allaah Ta'aala.

It is the Deen of Allaah which helps us to rise above the confinements and shortcomings of Human Nature like anger, jealousy, pride, envy, greed, deceit and wickedness. Majority of us have become servants of the worldly affairs. Very few among us are aware about the reality of life. Very few people are able to renounce the worldly riches for the Eternal Reward.

Indeed it is the life in the Hereafter which is everlasting and eternal. For obtaining that heavenly abode, we need to prepare ourselves in this world by performing the obligations of Shari'at and acting in obedience to Allaah.

Publishing this book is a humble attempt to give a glimpse of the life of the Hereafter and the Reward of Paradise as described by the Imaams. Before performing the obligations of Shari'at it is necessary for every Mumin to become a respectable and honest human being. He can do this by following and adopting the words of the Imaam.

Huzoor e 'Aali TUS has himself done the translation of the chapter of Wasiyat of the Imaam from Arabic to Lisaan ud Da'wat. It's a matter of pride for Mumineen that they have literal translation of Da'i uz Zamaan TUS in their hands.

Huzoor e 'Aali TUS has incorporated many extracts of his Bayaan in the Lessons of the Wasiyat. He has simplified the complex terms in his own words. He has cited contemporary examples to make the reading interesting and lively. He has described the situations during the period of our Du'aat in Ahmedabad as well in some Lessons.

He wishes that our Mumineen reads the Wasiyat - injunctions of our Imaams and get a lesson from them to make their lives more meaningful, successful and virtuous. The Gujarati version of this Book was published in the month of Shahrullaah 1440 AH and the book was gifted to the Mumineen.  Its English version is published in Shawwaal 1440 AH for the Mumineen who don't have a habit of reading Gujarati language. It will be equally helpful to the Mumineen living overseas. 

English translation of the book was done by Raasulhudood Dr Zulqarnain Hakeemuddin DM who has edited and revised the lessons of the Wasiyat to make it simpler for the readers. Historical aspect of Saiyedna Qadi No'maan bin Mohammad RA, compilation of Da’aaim ul Islaam and its significance has been dealt with separately in the English version.

The succession tree from Aadam Nabi SA till today has been exclusively added in the English version so that Mumineen gets clear idea about the chain of succession.  It is our humble request to the Mumineen to read this book carefully and understand the Wasiyat of the Imaams and try to implement it in their lives.

 
   
 
  Shi’a not by Words but by Deeds and Virtues:
 

It has been narrated by Maulaana ‘Ali SA that few people came to him with some questions regarding Worldly Affairs. For fulfilling their selfish purpose they sought closeness of Maulaana ‘Ali by claiming that they are among the Shi’a. Maulaana ‘Ali SA stared them for long time and said; “I did not recognize you; and about your claim that you are among my Shi’a; I do not see any sign of my Shi’a in you”. Maulaana ‘Ali SA continued further and said: My Shi’a are those who believe in Allaah and His Prophet Mohammad SAWS; and act in obedience to them; and avoid the things they have pronounced as sins; and obey us in whatever we command; and reciprocate us to what we invite to do".

Our Shi’a keeps constant watch over the Sun, the Moon, and the Stars in order to observe the times of Namaaz. Our Shi’a are those whose lips are parched and their abdomens are slim. Their faces bear the marks of Worship and their Facial expressions indicate Calmness. He is not from us who would usurp others rights. He is not from us who would tyrannize others. He is not from us who would take from others what is not meant for him.

 

Lesson

 

Maulaana ‘Ali SA after the assassination of the 3rd Caliph of the people Usmaan, migrated to Kufah from Madinah. He stayed there until his martyrdom in 40 AH. In search of true picture of the Deen of Allaah and seeking correct understanding of the Qur’an people used to frequent Madinah. They were also in search of a deserving and legitimate leader after the demise of Rasoolullaah SAWS. After Maulaana ‘Ali SA shifted to Kufah, people came to you from distant places because they knew no one possessed the knowledge as Maulaana ‘Ali SA did.

The Shi’a – a term used by Rasoolullaah SAWS himself saying – “Shi’ato ‘Aliyin homul Faa’ezoon” meaning Shi’a of ‘Ali are the Victorious, were the people who gave allegiance to the authority of Wasaayat of Maulaana ‘Ali SA after Rasoolullaah SAWS. They rejected the authority of the Caliphs. They accepted the vicegerency of Maulaana ‘Ali SA whole heartedly. They visited Maulaana ‘Ali SA in Kufah.

Maulaana ‘Ali SA knew his Shi’a whenever they visited him. He used to recognize them by their looks, by their character and the way of talking. Why won’t he? Because he knew what was hidden in the hearts and minds of the people. Even before initiating the talk, Maulaana ‘Ali SA would say whether the one he is talking to belongs to his Shi’a or not. Whether he has love and respect for Ahl ul Bayt SA in his heart or not.

Taking the advantage of the privileges, Shi’a got in the direct company of Maulaana ‘Ali SA, there were many wicked people who pretended to be among the Shi’a. They used to visit Maulaana ‘Ali SA saying they are Shi’a. Maulaana ‘Ali SA would at once judge them.

Hence to distinguish others from Shi’a Maulaana ‘Ali SA would address the people and describe about the qualities and distinctiveness of Shi’a. The pretenders would understand that unless we possess the attributes described by Maulaana ‘Ali SA we cannot become one among them. Shi’a are a disciplined and down-to-earth humans first possessing all virtues and good attributes which would require before conforming to the principles of Deen of Allaah.

   
   
   
   
   
 
   
 
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