Q1: Is ritual offering (Zabeehat-Qurbaani) obligatory on every mumin?
A1: Any one can do Qurbaani. If an animal is available and one can afford to buy it then he must do the Qurbaani.
Q2: For how many days can one do Qurbaani?
A2: Qurbaani can be done till 13th of Zul Hajj in the Minaa. At other places it can be done till 12th of Zul Hajj.
Q3: When should the Qurbaani be done?
A3: On the day of ‘Eid ul-Azhaa when the Saheb-e-Razaa (the person authorized by the Da’i ul-Mutlaq) completes reciting the du’a of ‘Eid after the sunrise, Qurbaani can be done till Zawaal (declension of the sun at noon). Qurbaani should not be done after Zawaal. It is auspicious to do the Qurbaani on the day of ‘Eid.
Q4: Is it necessary for a person to do the Qurbaani himself?
A4: It is appropriate that a person himself should do the Qurbaani. If he is unable to do so then he should put his hand on the hand of the person who is doing the Qurbaani. If he is unable to do this either, then he should stand by the person and recite ‘Bismillaahe Allaaho Akbar’. The person who is doing the Qurbaani should be a Muslim.
Q5: Which du’a should be recited while doing the Qurbaani?
A5: The du’a of Aqeeqah or particularly the du’a of Qurbaani given in the Saheefa should be recited after the Khutbah on the day of ‘Eid. Du’a should be recited loudly. Bismillaahe Allaaho Akbar should be recited while placing the knife on the neck of an animal. Lastly, the du’a of ‘Wajjahto wajheya lillazee…’ should be recited till the completion of the act.
Q6: Which animal is preferable for Qurbaani?
A6: The following preference should be followed in the order: she-camel, camel, cow, bull, ox, he-goat and goat. The jannati kabash-animal which was descended by Allaah in the place of Maulaana Isma’il (as) for the sacrifice had black legs, face, eyes and anal region. It is favorable if you get such an animal for the Qurbaani.
Q7: Whose Qurbaani is considered as invalid?
A7: Qurbaani done by a person who has not done the Ghusl of Janaabat after sexual intercourse, illegitimate child, drunkard, an apostate (Murtadd – who has rejected Islam) and polytheist is considered as invalid.
Q8: Can a blind or a woman or a child do the Qurbaani?
A8: Yes, all of them can do the Qurbaani.
Q9: Can the Qurbaani be done without Wuzoo?
A9: Yes, Qurbaani can be done without Wuzoo.
Q10: Which things should be remembered before doing the Qurbaani?
A10: Before doing Qurbaani you should give water to the animal. Harshness and abruptness should be avoided with the animal. It should be placed on the ground with the head facing the Qiblah and legs on the right side. Knife should be sharp and it should be placed on the white area of the neck where the main artery is located. This artery should be cut gently. You should wait till all the blood has drained from the body and the animal is dead, after which the skin should be peeled off.
Q11: What is the recommendation in distributing the meat of the Qurbaani?
A11: There is the reward of Sadaqah in distributing the meat of Qurbaani. The meat should be first distributed among the mumineen who are non-affording, then among the poor and needy, neighbors, relatives and family members. The meat should not be distributed to the worshippers of idols (Mushrik). The meat can be preserved for using on other days.
Q12: Which animal is not preferred for Qurbaani?
A12: An animal whose horns are broken, sick, limping, weak, ears are cut, aged or injured is not preferred for Qurbaani.
Q13: Can the expenditure of the animal for Qurbaani be shared?
A13: In the Qurbaani of she-camel or camel, 10 people can share the expenditure. In case of cow or bull, 7 people can share while in case of he-goat or goat a single person should bear the expenditure and should not share with anyone.