Allaah Ta’aala says in the Qur’an,
“Yaa aiyohan nabiyo inna arsalnaaka shaahedan wa mobashsheran wa nazeera. Wa da’iyan elallaahe be-iznehi wa seraajam moneera”
‘Verily, O Rasoolullaah (saws), we have sent you as a witness, and a bearer of glad tidings, and a warner. And as the one who invites to Allaah by His permission and as a lamp spreading light.’ (45-46/33)
Whole of the Islaamic community believes in this verse and that it was revealed by Allaah for Rasoolullaah (saws) which elucidates the purpose of Allaah in sending His representative in the form of Nabi (prophet) to the people so that the religion of Islaam is manifest on them. Rasoolullaah (saws) was sent as a witness by Allaah who will bear the testimony of the deeds of the people on the Day of Qayaamat. He is the one who has come with the good tidings for the people who conform to the Shari’at of Allaah with actions encased in the strong shell of Ta'leemaat of Ahl ul Bayt (as) and Qur’an; and also he warns about the punishment of Allaah for those who turn their face away from Allaah and His Deen. He is the one who invites us on the Path (sabeel) of Allaah and that too with the permission (izn) of Allaah, which means only those who are chosen or selected can make their way towards Allaah and not everyone of us. He is a lamp that gives the light of guidance to the people and the one who gives the life of knowledge to the dead (ignorant people).
If it is argued that Rasoolullaah (saws) was ascended to the supreme rank (martabah) of Nabi at the age of 40 years and before that he was like us – a common man, then it is like doubting the judgment of Allaah that He made such a person a Nabi who was a common person? In one sense it is true that each and every Prophets (ambiyaa) who were sent for the propagation of heavenly revelation were like a normal human being physically but if they were to be judged spiritually then they excelled to the heights unperceivable and unimaginable by commonalty. If Allaah has to send His Prophet to the people, he has to have some special qualities which no one else possessed; only then can he be enthroned on a supreme rank. Rasoolullaah (saws) did possess such supreme qualities even before he became Nabi. The signs of Nubuwat (prophethood) were evident right from his birth. People around him knew that he has been gifted with some divine power. There was an illuminating Noor (glory) on the forehead of Rasoolullaah (saws) and a sweet fragrance used to emanate from his body. There was a cloud which always used to cast its shadow over him. Rasoolullaah (saws) never used to cast his own shadow. The fortune tellers or forecasters used to say that, ‘One Nabi of Allaah will come on this earth and spread the religion of Allaah.’ After the birth of Rasoolullaah (saws), fortune tellers were not able to forecast the events correctly and gradually their predictions got diminished in falsehood without the cognition of the birth of Last Prophet. There was a seal of Prophet-hood on his back, idols tumbled on their face, shayaateen (sing. shaitaan) lost access to the skies. His birth caused a huge crack in the fort of Kisraa. The fire of the Majoos (Zoroastrians) got extinguished on his birth. Rasoolullaah (saws) was famously known as ‘Ameen’ (trustworthy) and ‘Saadiq’ (truthful) in Makkah. Verily these were the definite signs of the Nubuwat of Rasoolullaah (saws) right from his birth.
The ignorant people who have deviated from the path of Noor contend that Rasoolullaah (saws) was like us and we too can become like him! Indeed their sight (basaarat) has lost the power of vision (baseerat). Allaah Ta’aala clearly says in the Qur’an that, “We have sent...” which means that Rasoolullaah (saws) has not proclaimed himself to be the Nabi of Allaah but Allaah sent his Glory to him in the form of revelation of the Qur’an and the Nubuwat. Hence, there arises no question that anyone of us could ever become like Nabi with our deeds – as propounded by the wicked people who belittles the honour and respect of Rasoolullaah (saws).
Allaah Ta’aala, who has sent His Nabi to the people with the highest responsibility of spreading His message of Deen and Shari’at could never sent a person who commits sin or unlawful deed. The representative of Allaah who is either a Nabi or Wasi or Imaam is pure from all the evil. The verse of the Qur’an,
“Wa innaka la’alaa kholoqin ‘azeem”
which means ‘And verily O Rasoolullaah (saws) you are on an exalted standard of character’ –
itself refutes the claims of the defiant people who considers him as an ordinary human being. Such was the character of Rasoolullaah (saws) that whoever used to accuse him for anything would become liable to be punished. He was the fountainhead of kindness and humbleness; and used to behave alike with the acquaintances and strangers. The whole life of Rasoolullaah (saws) can be portrayed in a single sentence, ‘Pure in his childhood, trustworthy and pious in his adulthood and the cause of salvation and Najaat for the people in his old age.’ It was the decree of Allaah that Rasoolullaah (saws) was sent as a Nabi. There cannot be any flaw in the judgment of Allaah. One who follows the command of Allaah and follows the path of His religion through His Representative, who is a Nabi, Wasi or Imaam, indeed, will never deviate from the Right path as he himself happens to be a path heading towards the mercy of Allaah. Only those who left the source of Elaahi Knowledge – Rasoolullaah (saws), his sunnat and his Aal-e-Athar (as), and wandered in search of knowledge elsewhere landed into the quagmire of confusion and uncertainty. Though they understood Islaam as the religion of Allaah but failed to acquire its true knowledge either from Rasoolullaah (saws) or his Aal-e-Athar – A’immat-e-Taahereen (as).
It has been accounted that one of the wives of Rasoolullaah (saws) was stitching his clothes in the twilight when the needle fell on the ground. She tried hard to find the needle nearby but to no avail. Right at that time Rasoolullaah (saws) entered the house. She was amazed at the brilliant illumination by which she could see the things around very clearly. In no time she found the needle on the ground. Rasoolullaah (saws) asked her about what she was searching for. She replied that, ‘O Nabiyullaah (saws), I dropped the needle while I was stitching your clothes and I could not find it with the best of my efforts but as you entered the house, your brilliance aided me in finding it.’ Rasoolullaah (saws) gave a light smile on listening to the incident after which he started weeping. His wife asked, ‘O my husband, have I committed any mistake? What made you weep at this time?’ Rasoolullaah (saws) sadly replied, ‘O my wife! Allaah has made me “Seraajum muneer” (illuminating lamp) but it is unfortunate for the people who won’t be able to see my brilliance on the Day of Qayaamat because of their misdeeds.’
Allaah Ta’aala says in the Qur’an (as quoted in the beginning) that Rasoolullaah (saws) has been made a “Witness” – “Shaahid” of the deeds of the mumineen who are in turn witness of the Nubuwat of Rasoolullaah (saws) by reciting the Kalema-e-Shahaadat. After Rasoolullaah (saws) every Imaam from his progeny is “Witness” – “Shaahid” on the actions of the people of his Imaamat as he has been appointed by the order of Allaah. During the time of Rasoolullaah (saws) whoever wanted to embrace Islaam was made to recite the Kalema-e-Shahaadat. This practice is followed till now. There were some people who had enmity with Rasoolullaah (saws) and the principles of Islaam. Those were the Idolators. Unending rapid spread of Islaam over the region of Hijaaz (Saudi Arabia) made these unbelievers insecure. Some among them forcefully embraced Islaam (by reciting the Kalema-e-Shahaadat) but their hearts were still far away from the Noor of Islaam. They still watered the seeds of enmity and jealousy for Rasoolullaah (saws) in their mind. But Allaah Ta’aala warned Rasoolullaah (saws) about the hidden intentions of the unbelievers or infidels (munaafeqeen) through Jibra’eel (as). Then Rasoolullaah (saws) conveyed the decree of Allaah to the people that whoever recites Kalema-e-Shahaadat only by his tongue (in words) without devotion by heart will make his life safe only in this World and he will be subjected to the Justice of Allaah according to his deeds on the Day of Qayaamat. But the one who recites Kalema-e-Shahaadat by tongue and conviction by heart with lawful deeds will verily enter the Jannat. Hence Rasoolullaah (saws) differentiated the impostors and infidels from the true believers.
If Allaah Ta’aala says that Rasoolullaah (saws) is the witness of the deeds of the mumineen then it means that even after his death there has to be someone who continues to be the witness of the deeds of the mumineen. It would be injustice on the part of Allaah if He had sent only Rasoolullaah (saws) in this world to be the witness of the mumineen – and that too for a short span of 63 years. It means, then, that after the death of Rasoolullaah (saws) there is no witness of the deeds of the mumineen. If this is true then Rasoolullaah (saws) ceases to be “Rehmatil lil ‘aamaleen” (mercy for both Universes)and “Shaafe’ul muznebeen” (pardoner of the sinners) because one who lived for only 63 years in this world cannot be called as the mercy of both Universes and the Pardoner of the Sinners. If these two titles are true for Rasoolullaah (saws) then he must remain in this World till the Day of Qayaamat so that he becomes the witness, mercy and the pardoner. And if this does not happen then the Deen of Allaah becomes insufficient and void in the sense that it was meant for those who saw Rasoolullaah (saws) in their life time and not for others who came after him. And if the people claim that Qur’an is our source of guidance of the Deen of Allaah after Rasoolullaah (saws) then it is the point of a serious argument that if Qur’an had to remain the sole source of guidance after Rasoolullaah (saws) then why did Allaah sent Rasoolullaah (saws) as the Nabi in this world? If Qur’an was sufficient for this World as the source of knowledge then Allaah could have revealed it on any ordinary person or somewhere on the land where the people must have read it and got the guidance. If this stands true then the purpose of Allaah behind sending Rasoolullaah (saws) as the Nabi becomes void. If always, a book was sufficient for the people to invite to the Path of Allaah, then the purpose of sending the Ambiyaa (as) of the previous times also becomes useless. Allaah could have revealed only the book in this world which could be sufficient for the people in every sense.
All the above arguments are the shortcomings of the human intellect. The Deen of Allaah and its supremacy is far above the limit where the human intellect can reach. Allaah has sent Rasoolullaah (saws) and revealed His Qur’an on him so that he could explain the intricacies of the Qur’an. No human intellect alone can ever grasp the Words of Allaah (Qur’an) without the presence of His Representative (Hujjat – who is a Nabi, Wasi, Imaam or Da’i). Hence if this was true for the time of Rasoolullaah (saws) then it must be true in that exact sense, even after his death. If Rasoolullaah (saws) was necessary for the Qur’an; if he explained the Qur’an; if he gave life to the Qur’an; if was the guardian of the Qur’an; then there must be someone after him who takes over this divine job of Representing the Deen of Allaah and must remain till the Day of Qayaamat; and who is indeed the witness of the deeds of the mumineen. Hence after Rasoolullaah (saws), there must be his successor – Maulaana Ali (as) and after him this divine responsibility must continue in his progeny – A’immat-e-Taahereen (as) – till the Day of Qayaamat. It is this succession of the different Martabah (ranks) from Nabi to Wasi to Imaam to Da’i which Allaah calls as “Shaahedan wa Mobashsheran wa Nazeera”. Just like Allaah Ta’aala ascended Rasoolullaah (saws) to the rank of Nabi by His decree, the divine succession after him continues with the decree of Allaah. Rasoolullaah (saws) appointed Maulaana Ali (as) as the Wasi after him was the order of Allaah and the succession of A’immat-e-Taahereen (as) which continued after him too was the pronouncement of Allaah. It was in this context that Rasoolullaah (saws) said,
“Inni taarekun feekomus Saqalayn, ketaaballaah wa ‘itrati ahla bayti”
which means, ‘I leave behind two heavy (precious) things among you, Book of Allaah (Qur’an) and my Itrat (Progeny).’
Islaam is the religion of Allaah and no physical being can lift the weight of it unless aided by the grace of Allaah. All the above arguments refutes the claims of the people who shouts on the top of their voices that, ‘Grasp the Qur’an, it is the source of guidance for us and a Seraat-e-Mustaqeem for us.’ Indeed they have grasped the silent non-living Book and left behind the teacher, the explainer of the Book who is indeed a speaking living book; they have boorishly glorified the ‘exterior’ and left behind the essence of ‘interior.’
This is not the end of the empty speculations of the deviated people. They go on proposing that Rasoolullaah (saws) in his lifespan of 63 yrs has given enough understanding of the Qur’an and so after his death, we do not need anyone for the guidance. During the time of Rasoolullaah (saws) people used to seek justice from him according the Qur’an if any difference of opinion cropped up among them or if any difficulty aroused. Now if the teachings of the Rasoolullaah (saws) were complete and if there was no need of guidance after him then it would mean that there was no question of controversy or difficulty after his death. This was not true because even after his death people used to come up with the difficulties in understanding the principles of Shari’at. It is far from the common sense that a single teacher explains the whole textbook to a batch of students and then tells them to pass on his teachings to the coming batches and assumes that the future batches won’t need any teacher! This is far from belief even in a common school or college; how can this be true in the matter of the Deen of Allaah? There is an authority of Allaah on the surface of this Earth at any point of time who is the guardian and the teacher of the true knowledge of Allaah and who is from the progeny of Rasoolullaah (saws) and Maulaana Ali (as). Earth will cease to exist without its presence. Truly, ‘Allaah gives guidance only to those whom He wishes.’
The ignorant people go further and inculcates into the minds of the weak that, ‘Believe in the oneness of Allaah; do what Qur’an says; do not associate anyone with Allaah which is a ‘Shirk’ (polytheism).’ May Allaah open their shut eyes and clean their minds stuffed with the garbage of wrong ideas. The true believers (mumineen) do believe in the Oneness of Allaah in every sense – Allaah is One; His Rasool is One; His Wasi is One; His Imaam is One – in their respective times till the Day of Qayaamat. They have left the Oneness of Allaah and the Oneness of His representative in this World and confined its vastness and horizon. If Oneness is true for Allaah then it is equally true for His Religion Islaam, His book Qur’an and His representative (Hujjat) in every time. They say, ‘Do what ur’an says.’ We say, ‘Where have we disobeyed the Qur’an?’ We believe in every sense what the Qur’an says “Atee’ullaaha wa atee’ur rasoola wa ulil amre minkum” which means ‘Obey Allaah, and obey Rasoolullaah (saws) and the Ulil Amr.’ We do obey Allaah, His Rasool and the Ulil Amr who is the highest religious authority of the Shari’at and who is from the progeny of Rasoolullaah (saws) and Maulaana Ali (as) among us.
It is they who have disobeyed the Qur’an by dropping the identity of rightful person! They say, ‘Do not associate anyone with Allaah as it is Shirk (polytheism).’ We say that Allaah has associated His words (Qur’an) with Rasoolullaah (saws). Rasoolullaah (saws) has associated the Qur’an with his Itrat (progeny) and we are exactly doing as commanded by Allaah Ta’aala and Rasoolullaah (saws). It is their shortcoming that they have grasped only the Qur’an and left behind its teachers and explainers! We never say that Rasool is equal to Allaah or associate any one with Allaah in that way. We believe in their intercession (waseelah) because they are Siraat-e-Mustaqeem and Hablullaahil Mateen (a strong ruhaani cord of Allaah) for us and we won’t get Najaat (salvation) without their obedience and intercession. The defiant people say, ‘You should not pronounce anyone with the prefix “Yaa”.’ We say that if this is true then why has Allaah Ta’aala addressed Rasoolullaah (saws) as “Yaa aiyohan nabiyo” and Yaa aiyohar rasoolo”; and why is Moosa (as) addressed by Allaah as “Yaa Moosa”? They don’t have answer for all these. If Allaah Ta’aala could address them with this respect then why couldn’t we respect them in the same way?
Allaah Ta’aala has sent Rasoolullaah (saws) as “Mobashshir” (one who comes with good tidings) in the place where people were wandering in the darkness of ignorance (Pagan times). Nubuwat of Rasoolullaah (saws) was a good tiding or Bashaarat for them. Rasoolullaah (saws) pulled the people out of the path of Fire and guided them to the path of Truth and Jannat by spreading the message of Allaah through the revelation of the Qur’an. Rasoolullaah (saws) conveyed each and every word of Allaah to the people and he did what he said. He had to suffer intense mental and physical trauma in the initial 13 years in the Makkah in convincing the people about the Deen of Islaam. Kuffaar (infidels) even threatened to kill him. His life in Makkah was under the shadow of death. It was Maulaana Abu Taalib (as) who encouraged him to continue the preaching of Islaam in Makkah. After the migration to Madeenah, it was the co-operation of the Mohaajereen (people who migrated) and Ansaar (people who helped the migrants) which assisted Rasoolullaah (saws) to spread the message of Allaah. Rasoolullaah (saws) announced the members of both the groups as ‘brothers.’ This move reinforced the foundation of Islaam in the Madeenah. This shows that Rasoolullaah (saws) exercised his best of efforts, both mentally and physically, in promulgating the message of Allaah.
The resilience and perseverance of Rasoolullaah (saws) is reflected in the character of Al-Khamsat ul-Athaar (as). Maulaatona Faatemah Zahraa (as) reflected the same character after the death of Rasoolullaah (saws) which was shared by Maulaana Ali (as) alike during his time. On the throne of Imaamat, even Imaam Hasan (as) and Imaam Husain (as) proved that they are no less than Rasoolullaah (saws) in the Seerat (character) and Surat (physical attributes). Rasoolullaah (saws) said to Imaam Husain (as) that, ‘O my grandson, become an anchor of this ark of Islaam whenever you find it stuck in a storm; and strengthen the foundation of Islaam with your blood whenever you find it weak.’ Rasoolullaah (saws) said to Maulaatona Zainab (as) that, ‘O my grand daughter, cover the face of Islaam with your robe whenever you find it injured and open.’ These words of Rasoolullaah (saws) became alive in Karbala. Indeed Rasoolullaah (saws) and his Aal-e-Athar (as) are ‘Mobashshir’ for us till the Day of Qayaamat.
The last part of the aforementioned verse of the Qur’an says, “wa daa’iyan elallaahe be-iznehi” which means, ‘who invites to Allaah with his permission (izn-razaa-ijaazat).’ The word be-iznehi means the permission of Allaah which means Rasoolullaah (saws) became Nabi with the permission of Allaah and not by himself. And Rasoolullaah (saws) invites the people to the path of Allaah, also with His permission. The Da’wat of Allaah is centred on the permission or Izn. Rasoolullaah (saws) who is the guardian of the Da’wat of Allaah cannot appoint his successor by himself unless guided or permitted by Allaah. This divine succession of Izn continues from Nabi to Wasi; from Wasi to Imaam; and from Imaam to Da’i. Whatever Rasoolullaah (saws) taught to the people, even a single word, was from Allaah. He has neither added nor deducted anything on his own in Islaam. This stands true for the Wasi, Imaam and Da’i who are appointed by the Izn of Allaah. Da’i ul-Mutlaq is the Naa’ib (representative) of Imaam uz-Zamaan (as) with his Izn in the time of seclusion (istitaar). With the Ta’eed of Imaam uz-Zamaan (as) he is aware about the hearts of mumineen – who is a true believer and who is a hypocrite (munaafiq). He is the guardian of Da’wat in the time of seclusion of Imaam uz-Zamaan (as) and teaches the principles of Islaam in the way it was being taught in the time of Nabi, Wasi or Imaam – in an unaltered way. It is because of this divine succession of Izn that the Oneness of Representative of Allaah - Hujjatullaah continues after the Rasoolullaah (saws) in the form of Wasi, Imaam and Da’i – and will continue till the Day of Qayaamat. This is the real Oneness of Allaah true in every sense – even in this world.
With all the above qualities of – Shaahid, Mobashshir and Nazeer; Rasoolullaah (saws) is a Seraajum Muneer – an illuminating lamp for the mumineen. The Noor of this Seraaj is evident in the form of Nabi, Wasi, Imaam and Da’i; and which serves as the fountainhead of the true guidance of the Deen of Allaah.
“Kaunayn mein Qaa’im rakhe Allaah ye Da’wat, Ay Noor-e-Elaahi,
Mahfooz rakhe dushman-e-deen se ye jamaa’at, Ay Noor-e-Elaahi”
“Chehre se ‘ayaan hai tere Allaah ki qudrat, Ay saahab-e-Da’wat,
Haqq se hai ‘ataa tere liye Noor ki aayat, Ay Noor-e-Elaahi”
“Insaan na samjho inhe ye Noor-e-Khuda hai, mukhtaar-e-Qazaa hai,
Jaari hai yeh dar se ba-khudaa Fayz-o-Karaamat, Ay Noor-e-Elaahi”
“Haqq se tumhe Da’wat mili Saiyedna Ali ki, Us haqq ke wali ki,
Sar par tere Haydar ki ho imdaad-o-inaayat, Ay Noor-e-Elaahi”