Aadam; Adam - آدم
A prophet of Allaah and father of the mankind. He is the first prophet who declared the oneness of Allaah and led the foundation of Islam. The entire account of the creation of Aadam, his stay in Paradise and his repentance near Ka'bah is beautifully described in Surat ul-Baqarah and at other places in the Qur'an.
Aal; awlaad - آل ۔ اولاد
Descendants, progeny, children.
‘Aalim - عالم
A learned man; specifically a scholar in Islamic religious sciences; holy Imaams and their du'aat.
Aa'maal - اعمال
Deeds, acts; pl. of ‘amal. ‘amal-e-saaleh (a good deed) is an essential part of imaan (faith). Allaah orders every believer to do good deeds and promises its reward in the hereafter.
‘Aamil - عامل
‘Aashuraa - عاشوراء
The 10th of Muharram; the day of shahaadat (martyrdom) of Imaam Husain (as) at Karbala .
Aayat - آیۃ
A verse of the Holy Qur'an; miraculous sign.
Abadi-azali - ابدي ازلي
Everlasting, eternal, endless.
‘Abd; ‘Abdullaah - عبد ۔ عبد اللہ
A slave or a servant of Allaah; ‘ibaadat meaning worship, devotional service.
Abu Taalib - ابو طالب
He is the father of Maulaana ‘Ali (as). He looked after the Prophet (saws) when the latter was a child.
Abu Zarr al-Ghiffaari (Jundub b. Junaada) - ابو ذر الغفاري
He was a most obedient companion of the Prophet (saws), who remained loyal to Maulaana ‘Ali (as). He died in 32 AH after being expelled by Usmaan.
Abyaat - ابیات
Verses; pl. of bayt. In the ceremonial gathering verses of praise is recited by the hudood of Da'wat. The collection of abyaat is often termed as diwan if it is solely written by the single author.
Adab - ادب
Culture, good manners, decency, humanity.
Afkaar - افکار
Thinking, cogitation, contemplation; thought, idea, concept; pl. of fikr. Allaah likes those who contemplate on the signs of Allaah, i.e. all things around us.
AH - الھجرۃ النبویۃ
It refers to After Hijrat. It is the reference used in the Islamic calendar, instead of A.D. which is used in the Christian calendar.
‘Ahd ; bay'at, misaaq - عھد، میثاق، بیعۃ
Promise, oath of allegiance given by the mumin to the Imaam or his representative.
Ahl ul-bayt - اھل البیت
The people of the house, meaning the Muhammad Rasulullah (SAWA) and members of his household including especially his cousin and son-in-law Maulaana ‘Ali, his daughter Maulatana Faatema, his grandsons Imaam Hasan and Imaam Husain as well as their progeny.
Ahl ul-Kitaab - اھل الکتاب
The people of the Book (Scripture), people of the commandments revealed by Allaah, such as Jews and Christians.
Ahl ul-Qiblah - اھل القبلۃ
Muslims; the Followers of Islam.
Ahl uz-Zikr - اھل الذکر
The people of the reminder; holy Imaams and their du'aat (deputy, representative)
Ajal - اجل
Appointed time, deadline, instant of death; Allaah has fixed an appointed time for every thing in this world.
Akhlaaq - اخلاق
Natural disposition, character of a person, morals; pl. of khuluq. ‘Makaarim ul-akhlaaq' meaning high moral standards.
‘Alavi Bohras - علوي بھرہ
Muslim, Shi'a, Isma'ili, Musta'alavi, Taiyebi Bohras who believe that the 28th da'i-e-mutlaq Saiyedna Shaikh Adam Safiyuddin (QR) in succession appointed his grandson Saiyedna ‘Ali Shamsuddin bin Ibraheem (QR) as the 29th da'i-e-mutlaq and his successor through the tradition of propagation of nass.
Al-hamdu lillaahi rabbil 'aalameen - الحمد للہ رب العالمین
This is a verse from the Qur'an that Muslims recite and say many times per day. Other than being recited daily during prayers, a Muslim reads this expression in every activity of his daily life. The meaning of it is: "Praise be to Allaah, the Lord of the worlds." A Muslim invokes the praises of Allaah before he does his daily work; and when he finishes, he thanks Allaah for His favors. A Muslim is grateful to Allaah for all His blessings. It is a statement of thanks, appreciation, and gratitude from the creature to his Creator.
‘Ali bin Abi Taalib; Maulaana - مولانا علي ابن ابي طالب
The wasi (vicegerent), cousin of Muhammad Rasulullah (SAWA) and his son-in-law by marriage to his daughter Maulatana Faatema.
Allaahu akbar - اللہ اکبر
This statement is said by Muslims numerous times. During the call for prayer, during prayer, when they are happy, and wish to express their approval of what they hear, when they slaughter an animal, and when they want to praise a speaker, Muslims do say this expression of Allaahu Akbar. Actually it is most said expression in the world. It means: "Allaah is the Greatest." Muslims praise Allaah in every aspect of life.
Ambiyaa - انبیاء
Prophets; pl. of nabi. ‘Saiyed ul-Ambiyaa' meaning ‘the chief of the Prophets' title of Muhammad Rasulullah (SAWA).
Ameer ul-mumineen - امیر المؤمنین
Commander of the Faithful (believers). A title exclusively used for Maulaana ‘Ali (as)
and also for the Imaams in his progeny.
Amr; hukm, farmaan - امر، حکم، فرمان
Command; specifically the divine command or volition.
Ansaar - انصار
The helpers, it refers to the Muslims of Medina who supported and assisted Muhammad Rasulullah (SAWA) and his followers after the hijrat (migration) from Mecca to Medina in 622 AD.
‘Aql - عقل
Reason, intellect, mind, intelligence.
‘Aqli - عقلي
A rationalist, an intellectual. As an adjective it means related to ‘ aql , i.e. mental, intellectual, or more commonly ‘rational'.
‘Arsh - عرش
A Throne. The Qur'an describes Allaah as the ‘Lord of the Throne' on which ‘He sat himself' and which is described as being ‘upon the waters' or ‘born by angels'. The Qur'anic ‘throne' is equated to the philosophical concept of Intellect.
AS - علیہ السلام
It refers to 'Alayhis-salaam', (Allaah's) peace be upon him. It is said after the names of all Prophets, their fathers, mothers and wasi, the 21 holy Imaams from the household of Prophet Muhammad (saws) and for Maulatana Faatema, it will change to 'Alayhas-salaam' (peace be upon her). After any two names it is said 'Alayhimas salaam' and after more than two names or when referring to a group of people it is said 'Alayhimus-salaam'. Thus, for the Imaams Hasan and Husain (A.S. means 'alayhimas-salaam) and for the Ahl ul-Bait (A.S. means 'alayhimus-salaam).
Asaas - اساس
A foundation. Early Isma'ili du'aat during the time of holy Imaams, like Saiyedna Ibn Hawshab and his son Ja‘far (QR) divided the entire Islamic history right from Adam (as) to Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) into seven eras, each inaugurated by a ‘speaking prophet' ( naatiq ), who is succeeded by a legatee or wasi (naaib, vicegerent), also called asaas , the founder, a teaching based on the knowledge of the spiritual meaning of the message delivered by the Prophet. In this system of thought Maulaana ‘Ali (as) is the asaas of Muhammad Rasulullah (SAWA) who led the foundation of the propagation of the divine message revealed on the Prophet.
Ashaab ul-Kisaa - اصحاب الکساء
The people of the mantle, i.e. Muhammad Rasulullah (SAWA), Maulaana ‘Ali, Maulatana Faatema, Imaam Hasan and Imaam Husain.
Ashhaad - اشھاد
A'immat-e-Taahereen (as), the infallible Imaams are divided into the groups of seven. This one is the third group starting from the 15 th Imaam Maulaana Azeez (as) to 21st Imaam Maulaana Taiyeb (as).
Asl - اصل
Root, origin; descent, lineage of a noble character; foundation, basis; principles, fundamentals. ‘Hasb ul-Usool' means in conformity with regulations.
‘Asr - عصر
The afternoon Namaaz.
Asraar - اسرار
Secret; pl. of sirr. ‘Asraar ul-Quran' means the secret meaning of the Quran which Allaah knows and is manifested only to His Prophets and his progeny.
As salaamu ‘alaykum - السلام علیکم
This is an expression Muslims say whenever they meet one another. It is a statement of greeting which establishes the real essence of Islam i.e. humble submission and peace. It means "Peace be upon you." The other forms are: "As salaamu 'Alalykum Wa Rahmatullaah," which means: "May the peace and the mercy of Allaah be upon you," and "As salaamu Alalykum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakaatuhu," which means : "May the peace, the mercy, and the blessings of Allaah be upon you."
Atbaa' - اتباع
Followers, companions, adherents, partisans; ‘atbaa' ul-A'immat' means followers of Imaams; the holy progeny of Maulaana ‘Ali (as).
Atimmah - اتماء
This is the first group of seven holy Imaams starting from Maulaana Imaam Hasan (as) to Maulaana Imaam Muhammad (as).
Awsiyaa - اوصیاء
Vicegerents; pl. of wasi. ‘Saiyed ul-Awsiyaa' meaning ‘The chief of the Vicegerents' title of Maulaana ‘Ali (as).
Ayyam ul-beez - ایام البیض
The days of light, i.e. 13, 14 & 15 Rajab; this refers to the days in which Maulatana Faatema bint Asad (as) gave birth to Maulaana ‘Ali (as) in the Ka'bah.
Ayyam ut-Tashreeq - ایام التشریق
Three days (11, 12 & 13 Zil hajj) following the Day of Zabeehat (sacrifice), i.e. ‘id ul-Azhaa.
Ayyoob; Job - ایوب
A prophet of Allaah mentioned in the Qur'an and the Taurat. He was struck with the disaster in which he lost all his riches including his children and was inflicted with a filthy and deadly disease, his body full of worms and the smell of which was so offensive that on one could dare to nurse him. In spite of all these hardships he continued to serve Allaah and to return Him thanks as usual. He is regarded as the model of patience.
‘Azaab - عذاب
Punishment, torment, pain, suffering, agony for the bad deeds committed by an individual in this world.
Azaan - اذان
Call to Namaaz; recited before fajr, zohr and maghrib namaaz and also before the sunnat of ‘asr and ‘ishaa il-Aakherat Namaaz.
Azhaan - اذھان
Mind, intellect; pl. of zihn. ‘zihni' means mental related to zihn.