Du'a and Qur'an
Saiyed ul-Mursaleen Mohammad Rasoolullaah (saws) said:
“Al-Qur'ano howad du'aao wad du'aao howal ‘ibaadah”
Qur'an is a du'a (supplication) and du'a is indeed a prayer.
It is accounted from Ahl-ul-Bayt (AS) that, ‘if one wishes that Allah talks to him then he should recite Qur'an and if he wishes to talk to Allah then he should perform du'a. There is no word greater than the Qur'an. Qur'an is in the form of du'a comprising of du'a of all the Ambiyaa (AS). Allah Ta'aala Himself guides His follower how to perform du'a and how much near Allah is to the one who does this. Du'a is a type of prayer for which we are created. Namaaz is a ‘prayer of action or deed' which itself is nothing but du'a. It is essential for every mumin to perform du'a to Allah with submission after every obligatory prayer. Du'a is an efficient and seasoned weapon for a mumin which provides an internal and divine strength. Du'a increases the faith and belief in Allah.
The beginning of divulgence of knowledge at the time of creation of Hazrat Aadam (AS); the Father of mankind; and Maulatana Hawwa (AS), was in the form of du'a. Both of them recited the du'a of “Rabbana zalamna anfosana…” on the day of ‘Arafah for seeking redemption. We perform du'a in every Namaaz in Surat ul- Faateha, “Ehdenas seraatal mustaqeem”, guide us for the right path. People of Paradise greet one another and says “salaam” when they meet. Therefore to say salaam and to reply it is also a du'a. Nothing in this world is hidden even for a while from Allah Ta'aala even then He has revealed the orders to perform du'a. Allah Ta'aala says, “Ud'ooni astajib lakum”, ‘You supplicate to me, I will answer to you'. Allah likes the call, supplication, cry and yelling of his follower. This supplication is devout worship and the One who is going to answer our du'a has Himself taught us, and that is Supreme and Great.
All the supplications performed by Ambiyaa and Awliyaa (AS) are mentioned in the Qur'an. The selected ones are as follows: the supplications of – ordinary man, Ambiyaa (AS), true believer, Rasoolullaah (SAWS), intelligent people, Ibraaheem Khaleelullaah (AS), Isma'il Zabeehullaah (AS), Maulatana Maryam (AS), Maulana Zakariya (AS), ‘Isaa Roohillaah (AS), Ashaab ul-A'raaf, Khateeb-ul-Ambiyaa (Orator of prophets) Maulana Sho'aib (AS), the magicians of Egypt who accepted Islam, the eight supplications of Moosa Kaleemullaah (AS), Nooh Najiyullaah (AS), Maulana Hood (AS), Maulana Yoosuf as-Siddeeq (AS), Maulana Aiyoob (AS), Ashaab ul-Kahf (AS), abstaining kind followers, pious worshippers, travelers in the path of Allah, completion of guidance and the fullness of Light, the people who were staunch followers and helped Rasoolullaah (SAWS), Maulana Sulaiman (AS), Maulana Dawood (AS), protection from evil and malevolence, protection from magic, witchcraft and sorcery, gaining faith and seeking salvation, the angels who lifts the supreme Throne, the people who submitted to Rasoolullaah (SAWS), the people of Hell, the saints of truth (‘Olamaa-e-Haqq), the people who has esoteric knowledge, the mumineen who have been tortured, Maulana Loot (AS) for the protection from his defiance community, Bilqees; the Queen of Yemen, Hazrat Aasiya; the wife of Fir'aun.
All the verses of the Qur'an which begins with the word “Rabbana” or “Rabbe” constitutes the verses of supplications as mentioned above. All the du'a of Ahl-ul-Bayt (AS) are included in the supplications which are recited in or after the daily Namaaz. Therefore, mumineen who intend to recite Qur'an or any other verses or supplications should do it with full devotion, trust, faith, cleanliness, piousness, spiritual interest and concentration. Mumineen should refer to the book “Al Misbaah” for all types of du'a and every du'a should be recited after understanding it from the translation. May Allah accept and accede the du'a of mumineen.